Western Australia (WA)

Adams, Simon 2009, The Unforgiving Rope, UWA Publishing, Crawley, Western Australia (for example, Chapters 1, 3, 5, 7, 12)

Allbrook, Malcolm 2009, Hidden histories, conflict, massacres and the colonisation of the Pilbara: final report to Wangka May Pilbara Aboriginal Language Centre [and] Summary Report. In three volumes and on CD-ROM.

Arnold, Murray 2015, A Journey Travelled: Aboriginal-European relations at Albany and the surrounding region from first contact to 1926, UWA Publishing, Crawley, Western Australia

Austen, Tom 1998, A Cry in the Wind: Conflict in Western Australia, 1829–1929, Darlington Publishing Group, Western Australia

Auty, Kate, Patrick Bernard O’Leary and the Forrest River Massacres, Western Australia: examining “Wodgil” and the significance of 8 June 1926,’ Aboriginal History, Vol. 28, 2004, pp. 122–155: https://press-files.anu.edu.au/downloads/press/p171001/pdf/article06.pdf

Auty, Kate 2023, O’Leary of the Underworld: The Untold Story of the Forrest River Massacre, Latrobe University Press

Barrington, Robin, Unravelling the Yamaji imaginings of Alexander Morton and Daisy Bates,’ Aboriginal History, Volume 39, 2015:

Bohemia, Jack and William McGregor, ‘A massacre on Christmas Creek Station,’ Journal of Australian Studies, Volume 16, 1992, Issue 33, pp. 26–40.

Bridge, Peter J 2013, Bang-em-all: bush life, and death on the Gascoyne: Bangemall and the Thomas River Police Station, Hesperian Press, Victoria Park, Western Australia. (Violence between ‘settlers’ and Aboriginal people in the south Pilbara).

Carter, Bevan and Lynda Nutter 2005, Nyungah Land: Records of Invasion and Theft of Aboriginal Land on the Swan River 1829–1850, Black History Series, Swan Valley Nyungah Community, Guildford, Western Australia

Charnley, W Campbell 2010, Pigeon, Hesperian Press, Carlisle, Western Australia

Contos, Natalie, Theo A Kearing, Len Collard and Dave Palmer 1998, Pinjarra Massacre Site Research and Development Project: Report for Stage 1, Murray Districts Aboriginal Association, Western Australia

Field, Jennifer Joi 2008, Written in the Land: The Life of Queenie McKenzie, Melbourne Books, Victoria

Forrest, Roni Gray 2004, Kukenarup–Two Stories: A Report on Historical Accounts of a Massacre Site at Cocanarup near Ravensthorp, WA, Albany, funded by the Department of Indigenous Affairs

Green, Neville 1984, Broken Spears: Aborigines and Europeans in the Southwest of Australia, Focus Education Services, Perth, Western Australia

Green, Neville 1995, The Forrest River Massacres, Fremantle Arts Centre Press, Fremantle, Western Australia

Green, Neville, Dilemmas, dramas and damnation in contested history,’ Studies in Australian History, No. 23 (2010), pp. [203]–214. Reviews the evidence for the Forrest River massacre(s) in Western Australia. Originally accessed on 9 April 2015

Greenwood, Mark 2013, Jandamarra, Allen & Unwin, Crow’s Nest, New South Wales

Gribble, JB 1905, Dark Deeds in a Sunny Land, or Blacks and Whites in North-West Australia, published by the Daily News, Perth, republished by the University of Western Australia Press and the Institute of Applied Aboriginal Studies, Western Australian College of Advanced Education, 1987

Kerkhove, Ray 2023, How They Fought: Indigenous Tactics and Weaponry of Australia’s Frontier Wars, Boolarong Press

Moran, Kevin 2011, Sand and stone: Pigeon, Hesperian Press, Carlisle, Western Australia

‘Mr. Darcy Uhr Attacked By Blacks. The Natives Fight and Refuse to Retreat,’ Coolgardie Miner, Saturday 18 August 1894, p. 4

Muecke, Stephen, Alan Rumsey and Banjo Wirrunmarra, Pigeon the Outlaw: History as Texts,’ Aboriginal History, Volume Nine, Part 1, 1985, pp. 81–100

National Museum of Australia 2010, Yiwarra Kuju–The Canning Stock Route, National Museum of Australia Press, Canberra

‘Northern and Western Australia, 1824–1834,’ in John Connor 2002, The Australian Frontier Wars 1788–1838, UNSW Press

Ngurra Kuju Walyja: The Canning Stock Route Project, 2011–2013: https://www.canningstockrouteproject.com/

Owen, Chris 2016, Every Mother’s Son is Guilty: Policing the Kimberley Frontier of Western Australia 1882–1905, UWA Publishing, Perth

Parke, Erin ABC Kimberley, ‘Aboriginal massacre sites uncovered in first forensic science study,’ updated 1 October 2017: http://www.abc.net.au/news/2017-10-01/forensic-science-study-seeks-truth-of-aboriginal-massacres/9001770

Parliament of Western Australia 1905, Royal Commission on the Condition of the Natives, Report: https://www.parliament.wa.gov.au/intranet/libpages.nsf/WebFiles/Royal+Commissions+-+Report+of+the+Royal+Commission+on+the+condition+of+the+natives/$FILE/Report+of+the+Royal+Commission+

Pedersen, Howard and Banjo Woorunmurra 1995, Jandamarra and the Banuba Resistance, Magabala Books, Broome, Western Australia, reprinted 2007

Smith, Pamela and Keryn Walshe, ‘Oral testimony of an Aboriginal massacre now supported by scientific evidence,’ The Conversation, 31 October 2017: https://theconversation.com/oral-testimony-of-an-aboriginal-massacre-now-supported-by-scientific-evidence-85526

Wangkatjunka (Christmas Creek) Massacre (1927): ‘Det. Flanagan’s Mysterious Mission to Christmas Creek: North-west Station Manager Bert Smith Arrested and Charged on Eight Counts of Assault, Is Now to Stand His Trial at Criminal Sessions. Seven Natives Sensationally Disappear,’ Truth, (Perth, WA), Sunday, 19 January 1930, p. 1, 9: https://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/210493943?browse=ndp%3Abrowse%2Ftitle%2FT%2Ftitle%2F982%2F1930%2F01%2F19%2Fpage%2F22684256%2Farticle%2F210493943

See also many other reports of this incident on the National Library of Australia’s Trove. Station Manager, Albert Smith, denied the allegations. Amazingly a jury found him not guilty after 15 minutes’ deliberation: Derby News, March 28, Legal,’ Northern Times (Carnarvon, WA), Thursday 3 April 1930, p. 4: https://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/74900477?browse=ndp%3Abrowse%2Ftitle%2FN%2Ftitle%2F254%2F1930%2F04%2F03%2Fpage%2F7356863%2Farticle%2F74900477#

See also Jack Bohemia and William McGregor, ‘A massacre on Christmas Creek Station,’ Journal of Australian Studies, Vol. 16, 1992, Issue, 33, pp. 26–40

Wilson, Bill and Justin O’Brien, To infuse an universal terror”: a reappraisal of the Coniston killings, Aboriginal History, Vol. 27, 2003, pp. 59–78: https://press-files.anu.edu.au/downloads/press/p73641/pdf/ch0452.pdf

Wonnerup Massacre: see Wikipedia entry: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wonnerup_massacre and entries on ‘John Molloy’ and John Bussell, in which the Wonnerup Massacre is mentioned: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Molloy_(Australian_settler) and https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Bussell. These Wikipedia entries accessed on 4 May 2021.
For details of this massacre see: Jessica White, ‘“Paper talk”, Testimony and Forgetting in South-West Western Australia, Journal of the Association for the Study of Australian Literature, 17.1, 2017, pp. 1–13. This article includes references about the incident in books, journal articles and relevant stories in newspapers.

Western Australia Bibliography compiled by Jane Morrison 2012–2022. Most recent updates 18 April 2022, 8 July 2022, 2 October 2022, 31 May 2023, 6 September 2023.

See also Books, Journal Articles and Videos

Whole Bibliography compiled by Jane Morrison 2012–2024
Updated 20 March 2020, April/May/June/July/30 November 2021.
Updated 15 January 2022, 15–18 April 2022, 6, 8 July 2022, 5 August 2022, 2 October 2022, 19 April 2023, 31 May 2023, 6 September 2023 4 October 2023, 1 February 2024, 4 May 2024.