Adams, Simon 2009, The Unforgiving Rope, UWA Publishing, Crawley, Western Australia (for example, Chapters 1, 3, 5, 7, 12)
Allbrook, Malcolm 2009, Hidden histories, conflict, massacres and the colonisation of the Pilbara: final report to Wangka May Pilbara Aboriginal Language Centre [and] Summary Report. In three volumes and CD-ROM
Arnold, Murray 2015, A Journey Travelled: Aboriginal-European relations at Albany and the surrounding region from first contact to 1926, UWA Publishing, Crawley, Western Australia
Austen, Tom 1998, A Cry in the Wind: Conflict in Western Australia, 1829–1929, Darlington Publishing Group, Western Australia
Auty, Kate, ‘Patrick Bernard O’Leary and the Forrest River Massacres, Western Australia: examining “Wodgil” and the significance of 8 June 1926’, Aboriginal History, Vol. 28, 2004, pp. 122–155:
Barrington, Robin, ‘Unravelling the Yamaji imaginings of Alexander Morton and Daisy Bates’, Aboriginal History, Volume 39, 2015:
Bohemia, Jack and William McGregor, “A massacre on Christmas Creek Station”, Journal of Australian Studies, Volume 16, 1992, Issue 33, pp. 26–40. Link to citation: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/14443059209387097?needAccess=true
Bridge, Peter J 2013, Bang-em-all: bush life, and death on the Gascoyne: Bangemall and the Thomas River Police Station, Hesperian Press, Victoria Park, Western Australia. (Violence between ‘settlers’ and Aboriginal people in the south Pilbara).
Carter, Bevan and Lynda Nutter 2005, Nyungah Land: Records of Invasion and Theft of Aboriginal Land on the Swan River 1829–1850, Black History Series, Swan Valley Nyungah Community, Guildford, Western Australia
Charnley, W Campbell 2010, Pigeon, Hesperian Press, Carlisle, Western Australia
Contos, Natalie, Theo A Kearing, Len Collard and Dave Palmer 1998, Pinjarra Massacre Site Research and Development Project: Report for Stage 1, Murray Districts Aboriginal Association, Western Australia
Field, Jennifer Joi 2008, Written in the Land: The Life of Queenie McKenzie, Melbourne Books, Victoria
Forrest, Roni Gray 2004, Kukenarup–Two Stories: A Report on Historical Accounts of a Massacre Site at Cocanarup near Ravensthorp, WA, Albany, funded by the Department of Indigenous Affairs
Green, Neville 1984, Broken Spears: Aborigines and Europeans in the Southwest of Australia, Focus Education Services, Perth, Western Australia
Green, Neville 1995, The Forrest River Massacres, Fremantle Arts Centre Press, Fremantle, Western Australia
Green, Neville, ‘Dilemmas, dramas and damnation in contested history’, Studies in Australian History, No. 23 (2010), pp. –214. Abstract at: https://search.informit.com.au/documentSummary;dn=015112321304421;res=IELAPA
Reviews the evidence for the Forrest River massacre(s) in Western Australia. Originally accessed on 9 April 2015. Link updated 20 March 2020.
Greenwood, Mark 2013, Jandamarra, Allen & Unwin, Crow’s Nest, New South Wales
Gribble, JB 1905, Dark Deeds in a Sunny Land, or Blacks and Whites in North-West Australia, published by the Daily News, Perth, republished by the University of Western Australia Press and the Institute of Applied Aboriginal Studies, Western Australian College of Advanced Education, 1987
Moran, Kevin 2011, Sand and stone: Pigeon, Hesperian Press, Carlisle, Western Australia
‘Mr. Darcy Uhr Attacked By Blacks. The Natives Fight and Refuse to Retreat’, Coolgardie Miner, Saturday 18 August 1894, p. 4
Muecke, Stephen, Alan Rumsey and Banjo Wirrunmarra,‘Pigeon the Outlaw: History as Texts’, Aboriginal History, Volume Nine, Part 1, 1985, pp. 81–100
National Museum of Australia 2010, Yiwarra Kuju–The Canning Stock Route, National Museum of Australia Press, Canberra
‘Northern and Western Australia, 1824–1834’ in John Connor 2002,The Australian Frontier Wars 1788–1838, University of New South Wales Press
Ngurra Kuju Walyja: The Canning Stock Route Project, 2011–2013 at: https://www.canningstockrouteproject.com/
Owen, Chris 2016, ‘Every Mother’s Son is Guilty’: Policing the Kimberley Frontier of Western Australia 1882–1905, UWA Publishing, Perth
Parke, Erin ABC Kimberley, ‘Aboriginal massacre sites uncovered in first forensic science study’, updated 1 October 2017 at: http://www.abc.net.au/news/2017-10-01/forensic-science-study-seeks-truth-of-aboriginal-massacres/9001770
Parliament of Western Australia 1905, Royal Commission on the Condition of the Natives, Report, copy available at: https://www.parliament.wa.gov.au/intranet/libpages.nsf/WebFiles/Royal+Commissions+-+Report+of+the+Royal+Commission+on+the+condition+of+the+natives/$FILE/Report+of+the+Royal+Commission+on+the+condition+of+the+natives.pdf
Pedersen, Howard and Banjo Woorunmurra 1995, Jandamarra and the Banuba Resistance, Magabala Books, Broome, Western Australia, reprinted 2007
Smith, Pamela and Keryn Walshe, ‘Oral testimony of an Aboriginal massacre now supported by scientific evidence’, The Conversation, 31 October 2017, at: https://theconversation.com/oral-testimony-of-an-aboriginal-massacre-now-supported-by-scientific-evidence-85526
Wangkatjunka (Christmas Creek) Massacre (1927): “Det. Flanagan’s Mysterious Mission to Christmas Creek: North-west Station Manager Bert Smith Arrested and Charged on Eight Counts of Assault, Is Now to Stand His Trial at Criminal Sessions. Seven Natives Sensationally Disappear”, Truth, (Perth, WA), Sunday, 19 January 1930, p. 1, 9: https://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/rendition/nla.news-article210493943.3.pdf?followup=e0607cf700163dea0b0210c016b5b395
See also many other reports of this incident on the National Library of Australia’s Trove.
Station Manager, Albert Smith, denied the allegations. A jury found him not guilty after 15 minutes’ deliberation: “Derby News, March 28, Legal”, Northern Times (Carnarvon, WA), Thursday 3 April 1930, p. 4:
See also Jack Bohemia and William McGregor, “A massacre on Christmas Creek Station”, Journal of Australian Studies, Vol. 16, 1992, Issue, 33, pp. 26–40:
Link to citation: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/14443059209387097?needAccess=true
Wilson, Bill and Justin O’Brien, ‘To infuse an universal terror’: a reappraisal of the Coniston killings’, Aboriginal History, Vol. 27, 2003, pp. 59–78. Available at:
Wonnerup Massacre: see Wikipedia entry at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wonnerup_massacre and entries on‘John Molloy’ and John Bussell, in which the Wonnerup Massacre is mentioned at:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Molloy_(Australian_settler) and https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Bussell. These Wikipedia entries accessed on 4 May 2021.
For details of this massacre see: Jessica White, ‘Paper talk’, Testimony and Forgetting in South-West Western Australia, Journal of the Association for the Study of Australian Literature, 17.1, 2017, pp. 1–13. This article includes references about the incident in books, journal articles and relevant stories in newspapers.
Western Australia Bibliography compiled by Jane Morrison 2012–2022. Most recent updates 18 April 2022
Whole Bibliography compiled by Jane Morrison 2012–2022
Updated 20 March 2020, April/May/June/July/30 November 2021.
Updated 15 January 2022, 15–18 April 2022