South Australia (SA)

Anderson, Steven, Punishment as pacification: The role of Indigenous executions on the South Australian frontier, 1836–1862,’ Aboriginal History, Volume 39, 2015:

Brock, Peggy and Tom Gara 2017, Colonialism and its aftermath: A history of Aboriginal South Australia, Wakefield Press, South Australia

Burke, Heather, Amy Roberts, Mick Morrison, Vanessa Sullivan and the River Murray and Mallee Aboriginal Corporation, ‘The space of Conflict: Aboriginal/European interactions and frontier violence on the western central Murray, South Australia, 1830–41,’ Aboriginal History, Vol. 40, 2016, pp. 145–179:

Clyne, Robert 1987, Colonial Blue: A History of the South Australian Police Force 1836–1916, Wakefield Press, South Australia

Foster, Robert, Don’t mention the war: frontier violence and the language of concealment,’ History Australia, Vol. 6, No. 3, (December 2009), pp. 68.1–68.15

Foster, Robert and Amanda Nettelbeck 2012, Out of the Silence: the History and Memory of South Australia’s Frontier Wars, Wakefield Press, Kent Town, South Australia. A 2018 edition is also available.

Foster, Robert, Rick Hosking and Amanda Nettelbeck 2001, Fatal Collisions: The South Australian frontier and the violence of memory, Wakefield Press, Kent Town, South Australia

Haines, Timothy K 2017, European Settler-Indigenous Relations: A Short History of Massacres in South Australia:

Kerkhove, Ray 2023, How They Fought: Indigenous Tactics and Weaponry of Australia’s Frontier Wars, Boolarong Press

Krichauff, Skye, ‘The murder of Melaityappa and how Judge Mann succeeded in making “the administration of justice palatable” to South Australian colonists in 1849,’ Aboriginal History, Vol. 41, 2017, pp. 23–45

Lendrum, SD, ‘The “Coorong Massacre”: Martial Law and the Aborigines at First Settlement’, (1977) 6 Adelaide Law Review, pp. 26–43. A link to the paper is at:, accessed on 9 April 2015

Nettelbeck, Amanda, ‘Writing and remembering frontier conflict: the rule of law in 1880s central Australia,’ Aboriginal History, Vol. 28, 2004, pp. 190–206:, accessed on 2 April 2017

Nettelbeck, Amanda and Robert Foster 2007, In the Name of the Law: William Willshire and the Policing of the Australian Frontier, Wakefield Press, Kent Town, South Australia

Pope, Alan, c. 1989, Resistance and Retaliation: Aboriginal-European relations in early colonial South Australia, Heritage Action, Bridgewater, South Australia

Reader, Paul, University of New England, ‘Kidman’s sale marks second wave of South Australian colonisation,’ The Conversation, 24 April 2015:

Robinson, Fergus and Barry York 1977, The Black Resistance, Widescope International Publishers, Western Australia

State Library of South Australia, European discovery of the River Murray system: The Overlanders’, includes Friction between overlanders and Australian Aboriginals’:
, link updated 19 March 2024

State Library of South Australia, The Manning Index of South Australian History, Aboriginal Australians:

Wikipedia, History of South Australia:

Wiltshire, Kelly D., Mirani Litster and Grant Rigney, ‘“Necessary self-defence?”: Pastoral control and Narrindjeri Resistance at Waltowa Wetland, South Australia, Journal of the Anthropological Society of South Australia, Vol. 42, December 2018, pp. 81–114:

Compiled by Jane Morrison 2012–2023. Most recent updates 18 April 2022, 4 January 2023, 19 April 2023, 6 September 2023, 19 March 2024.

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