South Australia (SA)

Anderson, Steven, Punishment as pacification: The role of Indigenous executions on the South Australian frontier, 1836–1862’, Aboriginal History, Volume 39, 2015, available at:

Brock, Peggy and Tom Gara 2017, Colonialism and its aftermath: A history of Aboriginal South Australia, Wakefield Press, South Australia

Burke, Heather, Amy Roberts, Mick Morrison, Vanessa Sullivan and the River Murray and Mallee Aboriginal Corporation, ‘The space of Conflict: Aboriginal/European interactions and frontier violence on the western central Murray, South Australia, 1830–41,’ Aboriginal History, Vol. 40, 2016, pp. 145–179:

Clyne, Robert 1987, Colonial Blue: A History of the South Australian Police Force 1836–1916, Wakefield Press, South Australia

Flinders Ranges Research, Kangaroo Island, at:

Foster, Robert, Don’t mention the war: frontier violence and the language of concealment,’ History Australia, Vol. 6, No. 3, (December 2009), pp. 68.1–68.15, Abstract at:
Originally accessed on 9 April 2015. Link updated 20 March 2020.

Foster, Robert and Amanda Nettelbeck 2012, Out of the Silence: the History and Memory of South Australia’s Frontier Wars, Wakefield Press, Kent Town, South Australia. A 2018 edition is available.

Foster, Robert, Rick Hosking and Amanda Nettelbeck 2001, Fatal Collisions: The South Australian frontier and the violence of memory, Wakefield Press, Kent Town, South Australia

Haines, Timothy K 2017, European Settler-Indigenous Relations: A Short History of Massacres in South Australia at:

Lendrum, SD, ‘The “Coorong Massacre”: Martial Law and the Aborigines at First Settlement’, (1977) 6 Adelaide Law Review, pp. 26–43. A link to the paper is at:, accessed on 9 April 2015

Nettelbeck, Amanda, ‘Writing and remembering frontier conflict: the rule of law in 1880s central Australia,’ Aboriginal History, Vol. 28, 2004, pp. 190–206 at:, accessed on 2 April 2017

Nettelbeck, Amanda and Robert Foster 2007, In the Name of the Law: William Willshire and the Policing of the Australian Frontier, Wakefield Press, Kent Town, South Australia

Pope, Alan, c. 1989, Resistance and Retaliation: Aboriginal-European relations in early colonial South Australia, Heritage Action, Bridgewater, South Australia 

Reader, Paul, University of New England, ‘Kidman’s sale marks second wave of South Australian colonisation’The Conversation, 24 April 2015 at:

Robinson, Fergus and Barry York 1977, The Black Resistance, Widescope International Publishers, Western Australia

State Library of South Australia, ‘Friction between overlanders and Australian Aboriginals’ in ‘European discovery of the River Murray system: The Overlanders’ at:, link updated 2 May 2021

State Library of South Australia, The Manning Index of South Australian History, Aboriginal Australians at:

Wikipedia, History of South Australia at:

Wiltshire, Kelly D., Mirani Litster and Grant Rigney, ‘“Necessary self-defence?”: Pastoral control and Narrindjeri Resistance at Waltowa Wetland, South Australia, Journal of the Anthropological Society of South Australia, Vol. 42, December 2018, pp. 81–114:

Compiled by Jane Morrison 2012–2022. Most recent update 18 April 2022.

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