Australian Frontier Conflicts – Timeline

Some Known Conflicts

in Australian Colonies, States and Territories

1770–1940s

Timeline


H. Calvert, ‘A Deadly Encounter’, 1870s. Mitchell Library, State Library of New South Wales. (Picture digitally coloured.

From the arrival of the First Fleet in January 1788, Aboriginal people were forced to defend their lands, resources and cultures against an invading tide of British colonists. The language map below shows that far from being Terra nullius–an uninhabited land belonging to no-one–Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples occupied the whole Australian continent and its major islands like Tasmania (Van Diemen’s Land).

Aboriginal language map of Australia (source Pininterest) shows the extent of human occupation before British colonisation began in 1788. The whole of Australia, including Tasmania and other islands, such as in the Torres Strait, not shown on this map, was inhabited by First Peoples who have been living here for millennia, possibly up to 80,000 years or longer on some parts of the mainland.

Introduction
*Aboriginal sovereignty over Australia has never been ceded by the First Peoples. The nation-state of ‘Australia’ exists, based originally on the doctrine of Terra Nulliusand British occupation or ‘settlement’ of the continent. This legal fiction was, however, overturned in the High Court’s 1992 Mabo judgment that accepted the British assertion of sovereignty in 1788 when Governor Phillip and the First Fleet arrived at Port Jackson to found a new penal colony. There are lingering questions about the legality of the British occupation of Australia about which there is growing, but controversial, disquiet among First Peoples and their supporters. For ongoing research and opinion on this subject see the Sovereign Union–First Nations Asserting Sovereignty website at: http://nationalunitygovernment.org

Australia Day, controversial to a growing number of Australians, is marked by a public holiday on 26 January, the anniversary of the day the British First Fleet arrived at Port Jackson in 1788. Many thousands of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders and their supporters view this day as ‘Invasion Day’ or ‘the Day of Mourning’, as it signifies the beginning of the progressive invasion and colonisation of the Australian continent, the island of Van Diemen’s Land (Tasmania) and the inhabitated islands of the Torres Strait. From the first day in the colonisation process, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples have defended their land and ancient cultures that date back up to 80,000 years––the oldest living cultures on earth. The struggle continues today through the Land Rights Sovereignty and Treaty movements. Click here to see a map of Australian Frontier Conflicts.

Death and injury toll
No attempt has been made on this website to quantify the death and injury toll during the frontier conflict period–that would be beyond the capacity of the author. There is a lot of research in this area. Scholars like Noel Butlin, in Our Original Aggression, have been estimating the number of people killed in Australian colonial conflicts for many years. The original ‘wisdom’ was that up to 20,000 First Peoples of an estimated 1,000,000 original inhabitants, and between 2,000 and 2,500 colonists gave their lives in conflicts that took place in the Australian colonial frontier period between 1788 and the 1940s. However research continues to unearth new incidents and the toll increases.

Two Queensland historians, Raymond Evans and Robert Ørsted-Jensen, have concluded that in that State alone at least 65,180 First Peoples were killed from the 1820s to the early 1900s. See Paul Daley’s article in The Guardian dated 15 July 1014 at: https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2014/jul/15/why-the-number-of-indigenous-deaths-in-the-frontier-wars-matters

A version of Evans and Ørsted-Jensen’s paper, referred to in Daley’s article, ‘”I cannot say the numbers that were killed”: Assessing Violent Mortality on the Queensland Frontier’, was presented at ‘Conflict History’, The Third Australian Historical Association Conference, held at The University of Queensland from 7 to 11 July 2014. The original article, which is included in the Bibliography on this website, can be downloaded electronically at: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2467836

Research being undertaken by the University of Newcastle into ‘massacres’ on the east coast of Australia between 1788 and 1872, indicates that many, many thousands of First Peoples died on the east coast alone. To be included in the University of Newcastle’s map ‘the massacre also needed to be verified by several sources, which usually meant it had to be mentioned in colonial or settler accounts. Indigenous oral histories were included, but the very nature of the frontier wars mean they are often incomplete or have not been catalogued,’ according to a story by Calla Wahlquist posted on 5 July 2017 in The Guardian at: https://www.theguardian.com/australia-news/2017/jul/05/map-of-massacres-of-indigenous-people-reveal-untold-history-of-australia-painted-in-blood

The results of the University of Newcastle’s rigorous research, that defines a ‘massacre’ as of six persons or more, is necessarily ‘conservative’. The definitions used for this website, however, are broader: a ‘massacre’, according to dictionary definitions, can be of a number of persons, that is, conceivably less than six people. There is also evidence from newspaper and other accounts of colonial frontier conflicts between as low as two people in which there may not have been any deaths or injuries, although in some cases there were injuries alone.

While colonists’ deaths and injuries were more likely to be officially recorded and therefore easier to quantify, it is impossible to know the full extent of the deaths and injuries of colonists and First Peoples during the frontier period. In the case of First Peoples this is because of ‘the conspiracy of silence’– the cover-ups about the killings of, and injuries to, them, the under-reporting to authorities of incidents and the over-exaggerations of boastful landholders and other colonists who took it on themselves to carry out illegal murder. Also the deaths and injuries mentioned in First Peoples’ stories, oral histories and artistic depictions of individual incidents, battles, killings, massacres and wars, that took place during the frontier conflict period and well into the 20th century after Federation, are much harder to quantify using western historical research methods, than are colonists’ records. But, First Peoples’ ways of recording their versions of events have great validity and should not be dismissed because they do not show up in ‘official’ records. Sadly, in some cases there were no survivors of colonial frontier conflicts to tell the tale. However, First people’s oral history, passed down by survivors, and art depicting colonial frontier conflict, can be backed up in other ways. For example, scientific research conducted in the Kutjungka region of the south-east Kimberley of Western Australia in 2017 supports Aboriginal oral history of a massacre at Tjurabalan (Sturt Creek) in the early years of the 20th century. Read more at: http://theconversation.com/oral-testimony-of-an-aboriginal-massacre-now-supported-by-scientific-evidence-85526

The Australian States and Territories
Australian States and Territories represented in the following timeline of frontier conflicts are current in 2018. An article on the Territorial Evolution of Australia, that describes how the colonies expanded from 1788, can be found on Wikipedia at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Territorial_evolution_of_Australia

A short video, Territorial History of Australia, that shows maps of changes in the boundaries and the names of some colonial areas, can be viewed at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9pjB8UrHwO4

Until 1901 there were six colonies: New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, and Western Australia. On 1 January 1901 the six colonies joined to form the “Commonwealth of Australia”. Conflict between certain former colonists, their descendants born in Australia, and First Peoples did not cease at Federation but went on until well into the 20th century. Indeed it can be argued that Australia is still a ‘colony’ of Britain. Australia is not a Republic and has a Head of State in England, represented here by a Governor-General and State Governors. The Northern Territory, which received self-government on 1 July 1978, has its own Administrator appointed by the Governor-General. It can also be argued that conflict between those in power and many First Peoples continues to this day but has taken different forms,  not only direct violence.

Since 1901 Australia has had a Federal system of government with a national Parliament located in the national capital, Canberra. Six State and two Territory Parliaments are located in Canberra (Australian Capital Territory Legislative Assembly), Sydney (New South Wales State Parliament), Darwin (Northern Territory Legislative Assembly), Brisbane (Queensland State Parliament), Adelaide (South Australian State Parliament), Hobart (Tasmanian State Parliament), Melbourne (Victorian State Parliament), and Perth (Western Australian State Parliament). The boundaries of States and territories may have been different at the times conflicts happened in the frontier period from 1770, when British Captain James Cook surveyed parts of Australian coastline, until the 1940s.

A brief historical summary of States and Territories, with explanations of acronyms used in this timeline, follows.

Australian Capital Territory (ACT)
(Formerly the Federal Capital Territory)

Transferred from the State of New South Wales in 1911 as land for the national capital, Canberra, named in 1913. The ACT is not a State in its own right but has internal self-government and a Chief Minister whose role is similar to that of a State Premier.

New South Wales (NSW)
Penal colony founded by the British in 1788; has had various boundaries depending on the history of Australian colonies; became a State of Australia at Federation on 1 January 1901.

Northern Territory (NT)
Part of colonial New South Wales from 1825 to 1863; briefly called the Colony of North Australia from February to December 1846. Some of the Northern Territory was assumed by Queensland in 1862. The remaining area was called the Northern Territory of South Australia from 1863 to 1911. The Northern Territory separated from South Australia on 1 January 1911. Granted self-government in 1978. Not a State in its own right. Has a Chief Minister with a role similar to a State Premier.

Queensland (QLD)
Part of colonial New South Wales until 6 June 1859, when the colony was separated from New South Wales; became a State of Australia at Federation in 1901.

South Australia (SA)
Part of New South Wales until the province of South Australia was established in 1834. The colony of South Australia was proclaimed on 28 December 1836; it became a State of Australia in 1901.

Tasmania (TAS)
(Formerly known as Van Diemen’s Land)

The British established a convict settlement at Risdon Cove, Van Diemen’s Land, part of the colony of New South Wales, on the eastern bank of the Derwent estuary in 1803, followed by Hobart Town in 1804. Van Diemen’s Land became an independent colony on 3 December 1825. In 1856 the colony was granted responsible self-government. The name of the colony was also officially changed to “Tasmania” after Abel Tasman, the Dutch explorer who had named the island in 1642 after his sponsor, the Governor of the Dutch East Indies, “Athoonij van Diemenslandt”. Tasmania became a State of Australia at Federation in 1901.

Victoria (VIC)
Originally part of New South Wales. Separated from New South Wales in 1851, becoming a colony in its own right; became a State of Australia at Federation in 1901.

Western Australia (WA)
The New South Wales colonial government established a military garrison at Albany in 1826, followed by the Swan River Colony in 1829. Western Australia was granted responsible government in 1890. The colony became a State of Australia in 1901.


Colonial Frontier Conflicts–Timeline
The Timeline below lists some known dates on which, and locations where, conflicts–from individual injuries and killings to large massacres and wars– occurred between colonists and First Peoples. The Timeline begins before the arrival of the First Fleet in 1788 because there were earlier encounters between European explorers and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples that led to violence, even death. More dates and locations of conflicts will be added as information comes to hand and time permits. Also as time permits, tables including more details about each conflict, where known, will be added to the website. (A massive task under way).

TG Moyle, The Wills Tragedy, 1861. The arrival of the Neighbouring Squatters & Men collecting and burying the Dead &c. After the Attack by the Blacks on H.S. Wills Esq’s Station Leichhardt District. Queensland, October 19th 1861, painting, watercolour, 47 x 74 cm. In the collection of the State Library of Queensland. This painting depicts the aftermath of the 1861 Cullinguringa (Cullin-La-Ringo) massacre near Springsure, Queensland in which Aboriginal people killed 19 colonists–the deadliest recorded attack against Europeans in the colonial frontier period.


The main sources for this list are included in individual lists for Australian States and Territories, in the Bibliography and in Journal Articles. Many thanks also to readers who contact the author with details of conflicts not yet included. This is invaluable information. If you would like to contact us, fill out the form on the email facility on the Contact page.

WARNING: Some of the names of places included in the following list, derived from geographic names registers, from historical and modern-day maps and other primary and secondary sources, are offensive and may be upsetting to some readers. These placenames reflect the attitudes, racism and activities of the people who gave these places English or other European names during the frontier period.

177029 AprilBotany BayNSW,
Captain James Cook fires at an Aboriginal man, grazing his leg.
178824 January–10 March12 kms south of La Perouse, Sydney, NSW, French under command of La Perouse kill 20 Aboriginal people with musket fire.
178822 FebruaryWoolloomooloo Bay, Sydney, NSW, British marines fire on Eora people.
178810 MarchSydney Cove, NSW, Eora wounded convicts in bush.
1788MayRushcutter's Bay, Sydney, NSW, convicts Samuel Davis and William Okey killed in reprisal for taking Eora canoes.
178822 MayWoolloomooloo Bay, Sydney, NSW, convict speared and killed.
178823 MayBlackwattle Bay, Sydney, NSW, convicts attack Eora killing an Aboriginal person.
1788JulySydney, NSW, convict speared in the head.
17882 OctoberBotany Bay, NSW, Cupper Handley murdered and mutilated.
1788DecemberSydney, NSW, Arabanoo (Manly) captured.
1789Toongabbie, Sydney, NSW, two Aboriginal adults killed. Child who survived, taken in, brought up by colonists.
1789AprilSydney Cove and vicinity, NSW, smallpox epidemic, possibly deliberately spread by colonists, kills about 1,000 Aboriginal people––up to half the local Aboriginal population.
178926 SeptemberMiddle Head, Sydney, NSW, two of 50 Aboriginal men killed in attack on Henry Hacking.
178925 NovemberSydney, NSW, Bennelong and Colbee captured.
c. 1790Sydney, NSW, John McIntyre suspected of killing at least one Aboriginal man.
1790New South Wales, Hawkesbury and Nepean Wars begin
1790 New South Wales, punitive expedition against Pemulwuy, Tedbury and others begins.
17907 SeptemberManly, Sydney, NSW, Wileemarin, and Eora man, spears Governor Arthur Phillip in the shoulder. Phillip survives.
1790 10 DecemberSydney, NSW, John McIntyre, Governor Phillip’s gamekeeper, speared.
179028 DecemberSydney, NSW, British marines track and kill Bangai, an Eora man, after he takes potatoes from a local garden.
1790–1800Sydney Cove War, British encroachment on Aboriginal land; more than 26 colonists and an unknown number of Aboriginal people die.
1790–1802Sydney Cove and vicinity, NSW, conflicts occur between colonists and Aboriginal people at locations such as Port Jackson, Prospect, Toongabbie, Georges River, Parramatta, Brickfield Hill, Hawkesbury River, Rosehill and Manly.
179120 JanuarySydney, NSW, McIntyre dies of spear wound.
1792Hawkesbury River, north of Sydney, NSW, colonists kill two Dharug men in reprisal for murder of Sarah Hodgkinson's husband.
1792SeptemberTorres Strait, QLD, ships under command of Captain William Bligh fire on 'native' canoes.
1792–1902Propsect, Toongabbie, Georges River, Parramatta, Brickfield Hill, Hawkesbury River, NSW: colonists kidnap Aboriginal children.
1794Hawkesbury River, north of Sydney, NSW, an Aboriginal boy dragged over hot coals, thrown in the river, then shot.
1794–96 Deerubbun (Hawkesbury) Region near Sydney, NSW conflicts between colonists and Aboriginal people
1795Richmond Hill Battle, near Sydney, NSW
17957 JuneParramatta or Hawkesbury River, NSW, Lt Governor William Paterson sends troops against Aboriginal people with instructions to kill as many as possible. Unknown number killed, 10 prisoners taken.
1797Moruya, south coast, NSW, Yuin people kill 13 survivors of Sydney Cove wreck.
1797Port Jackson; Georges River; Toongabbie, NSW, Governor King orders reprisal against Aboriginal attacks at these locations.
1797MarchToongabbie; Parramatta, NSW, conflict involving Pemulwuy, Aboriginal clan members, armed soldiers and colonists. Up to 50 Aboriginal people killed, one soldier speared.
1799Newcastle, NSW, unknown number of Aboriginal men shot after asking for axes in exchange for use of their land.
1799Rose Hill, near Parramatta, NSW, troops sent out after Pemulwuy; five Aboriginal men killed. Pemulwuy injured in the head, taken to hospital but escapes.
179916 JulyPoint Skirmish (South Point), Boorabee (Bribie) Island, QLD, Captain Matthew Flinders sails with Bongaree and crew on the Norfolk from Glass House Bay to Boorabee (Bribie) Island. After landing from a smaller craft, they encounter Aboriginal people, one of whom tries to remove Flinders' hat. The Aboriginal man throws a spear near the boat. Flinders fires his musket and wounds the Aboriginal man. Flinders names the spot Point Skirmish (now known as South Point).
1799–1805Hawkesbury–Parramatta, near Sydney, NSW, Black Wars
1800sGrafton, NSW, two Aboriginal men shot near showground.
1801Georges River, south of Sydney, NSW, Pemulwuy spears a colonist.
18022 JuneParramatta, NSW, Pemulwuy shot, decapitated, head sent to Sir Joseph Banks in England.
1802–1836Kangaroo Island, SA, whalers, sealers, runaway convicts, ships' deserters, farmers and other colonists visit or take over land on Kangaroo Island. Many of the men abduct Aboriginal women by force from the mainland and Tasmania. Lawlessness prevails. Emus wiped out on the island. Kangaroos and seals hunted to near extinction.
1803Port Phillip district, VIC
1803OctoberCorio Bay, near Melbourne, VIC
1803–1830Tasmania, Black Wars
1804Newcastle, NSW, more conflict between colonists and Aboriginal people
18043 MayRisdon Cove,TAS Large number (30 or more) of Big River people killed and wounded in River Derwent, north of Hobart, in encounters with colonists (including convicts) and the military. Soldiers and colonists use rifles, pistols, muskets and a carronade loaded with grapeshot against the Aboriginal people, armed only with spears, who were apparently hunting kangaroos.
180422 JulyJervis Bay, NSW, sailors from the Conquest kill Aboriginal people.
1805SeptemberMangrove Flat (Gentleman's Halt) opposite Spencer, NSW, two Aboriginal men, Branch Jack and Woglomigh, killed.
180527 OctoberJervis Bay, NSW, report of Europeans speared. Possible reprisal attack for killings by Conquest sailors.
18055 DecemberJervis Bay, NSW, Aboriginal people attack survivors of Fly shipwreck. Thomas Evans killed, Rushworth speared.
180615 MarchTwofold Bay, NSW, sealers from the shipwrecked whaler, George, massacre Aboriginal people.
18066 AprilTwofold Bay, NSW, report that sealers, crew of George, have shot and killed nine Aboriginal people, hung bodies from trees.
180815 MayBatemans, Bay, NSW, three of five crew of the Fly reported murdered by Aboriginal people at Batemans Bay.
1808OctoberHawkesbury area, NSW, clash between colonists and Aborigines on Singleton's farm. Leg injury to servant, one Aboriginal person killed, others wounded.
180926 SeptemberBond Farm, George's River, NSW, skirmish between Pemulwuy's son, Tedbury, and Meredith and other farmers.
18105 FebruaryParramatta, NSW, Edward Luttrell shoots Tedbury.
1814May/JuneAppin area, NSW, skirmishes between colonists and Aboriginal people.
1815Bathurst, NSW, possible killing of an escaped convict by Aboriginal people
1816March–MayCumberland Plain, NSW, Aboriginal people murder Rev. Thomas Hassall's shepherd, Bromley.
1816March–MayCumberland Plain, NSW, Governor Macquarie's undeclared war begins against Aboriginal people.
181616 AprilAppin, near Cataract Gorge, west of Sydney, NSW, massacre of many Aboriginal people.
1819Bathurst area, NSW, spearing of Lt William Lawson's horse.
27 October 1820Newcastle, NSW, Runaway convict, John Kirby, seriously wounds Burragong, 'King "Jack, Chief of the Newcastle tribe"', with a knife, while Aboriginal men are trying to bring in Kirby and another convict, James Thompson to British authorities. Burragong subsequently dies from his wounds. Kirby is charged and executed for Burragong's murder. Kirby was the first European in New South Wales to be executed for the murder of an Aboriginal person.
1821–39The Falls area, NSW, period of conflict between colonists and Aborigines
1821FebruaryBillyeena Station, Cudgegong River, north-east of Mudgee, NSW, George Cox leads a shooting party against Aboriginal people. Unknown number shot.
18216 FebruaryBathurst area, NSW, Aborigines kill Private James King.
c. 1822Bathurst area, NSW, Aborigines kill convict for rape of an Aboriginal girl.
1822Near Bathurst, NSW, Windradyne leads Wiradjuri against colonists.
1822New South Wales, large-scale killings of Aboriginal people
1822"Claremont", William Lee's Farm, 10 km north-east of Bathurst, NSW, Aborigines kill a shepherd.
1822Billyeena Station, Cudgegong River, north-east of Mudgee, NSW, Aboriginal warning attack
1822Swallow Creek (government station), NSW, Aboriginal attack on station
182215 AprilIllawarra area, NSW, Seth Hawker murders an Aboriginal woman. He is tried but acquitted.
1823–24Black War of Bathurst, NSW (some individual incidents listed below).
1823October, NovemberSwallow Creek, Molong, Wellington districts, NSW, Aboriginal people attack stations in these districts and those of Wylde and Marsden and Palmer's "Toulon" station west of Bathurst.
1823NovemberSwallow Creek (government station), NSW, Aboriginal attacks force abandonment of station.
1824Bungendore (Bungendaw) run, NSW, Captain Richard Brooks's stockmen abduct two Aboriginal girls, Weereewaa people assemble to avenge their kidnapping.
1824c. JanuaryBathurst area, NSW, Windradyne captured, imprisoned at Bathurst for a month. Colonists use arsenic-laced flour and damper to poison hungry Aboriginal people.
1824MarchBrymair, Capertee Valley, near Rylstone, NSW, Dabee massacre Shepherds abduct a young Aboriginal woman holding her for days. She escapes. Male relatives of the woman retaliate, killing the shepherds, burning down their hut, killing and eating some of their sheep. In a punitive attack, a military detachment shoot every Aboriginal man, woman and child they can find. On ly a few Aboriginal ;people lived to tell this story.
1824MarchKelso, near Bathurst, NSW, 'Potato Field Incident': Aborigines offered potatoes, return next day for more, fired upon while gathering potatoes. Several Aboriginal people shot dead, some wounded. Incident sparks retaliations led by Windradyne.
182419 MarchSwallow Creek (government station), NSW, reoccupied. Up to 60 Aboriginal men attack, two killed. "Taylor", Columbummero and Callalbegary captured.
1824MayNear Mudgee, NSW at William Lane's farm, seven colonists killed.
182424 MayWarren Gunyah Station, Wattle Flat near Bathurst, NSW, two stock keepers killed; one speared.
182424 MayWinburndale Rivulet, north of Bathurst, NSW, shepherds killed, huts destroyed, sheep killed.
182431 MayNear Mudgee, NSW at William Lane's farm, five colonists in punitive expedition against Aboriginal people, but claim not to have seen any. Later admit to killing three Aboriginal women in a 'skirmish' with 30 warriors bearing spears. Colonists tried for manslaughter but acquitted.
182431 MayMrs Hassell's station, O'Connell Plains, NSW, Aboriginal men attack a stockman, wounding him twice with spears.
1824May?Murdering Hut, Millah Murrah Station, south-west of Wattle Flat, near Bathurst, NSW, Samuel Terry builds homestead on a bora ground, poisons Aboriginal people with arsenic.
1824May?Millah Murrah Station, NSW, Windradyne leads Aboriginal revenge attack, three colonists killed.
1824JuneNorth of Bathurst, NSW, colonists' retaliation; unknown number of Aboriginal women killed.
1824Bef. JulyWilliam Lawson's Upper Station, Campbell River, NSW, four stock keepers killed.
1824Bef. JulyNorth-east of Rockley, near Bathurst, NSW, two stock keepers killed.
182412 AugustEmu Plains, Sidmouth Valley, Two Mile Creek near Bathurst, NSW, farm labourer speared. Colonists retaliate, three Aboriginal women shot dead. Other Aboriginal people killed.
182414 AugustGovernor Brisbane proclaims Martial Law, Bathurst area, NSW
182414 August–11 DecemberMartial Law in place against the Wiradjuri, Bathurst area, NSW
182426 AugustMill Post Station, Bathurst, NSW, hut keeper killed, hut destroyed in retaliation after station set up on sacred site and stock yards built on corroboree ground.
182427 AugustWarren Gunyah Station, Wattle Flat, Bathurst, NSW, three shepherds killed, huts burnt.
1824AugustMillah Murrah Station, north of Bathurst, NSW, three Aboriginal women and a boy killed in retribution for killing shepherds.
18246 SeptemberMudgee, NSW, colonists kill between five and 16 Aboriginal men in retaliation for dispersing cattle.
1824SeptemberBell Falls Gorge, NSW, massacre of Aboriginal people believed to have taken place during Major James Morisset's punitive expedition.
1824September–NovemberBattle of Bathurst, NSW: up to 1,000 Aboriginal people believed to have perished.
1824Billiwillinga station, Mt Rankin area on banks of the Macquarie River near Bathurst, NSW, after the Proclamation of Martial Law, group of about 30 Aboriginal people (mostly women and children) massacred when military offer them food.
1824Capertee Valley, north of Bathurst, NSW, military party massacre unknown number of Aboriginal people.
1824Clear Creek headwaters, about 15 km north of Bathurst, NSW, shepherd killed, large numbers of Aboriginal people rounded up and killed in retaliation.
1824Cox's landholding near Mudgee, NSW, Aboriginal people, including the warrior, Blucher, shot when driving cattle off this land.
1824Raineville Station, south-east of O'Connell near Bathurst, NSW, three Aboriginal men murdered in retaliation for killing stock and rushing a mob of sheep.
1825Hunter region, NSW, about five 'clashes' between colonists and Aborigines in the Hunter.
182528 OctoberMartindale, south of Denman, NSW, Robert Greig and a convict worker killed during an Aboriginal raid.
1825October/NovemberPutty, NSW, soldiers pursue Aborigines who attacked at Putty.
1826Bef. 6 MayInverary Park Station, Lake George, NSW, stock keeper speared to death for trying to abduct an Aboriginal man's wife.
1826JuneEdinglassie, Hunter region, NSW, Aborigines wound shepherd.
1826JuneRavensworth, Hunter region, NSW, hut keeper killed.
1826July/AugustFal Brook Farm, near Singleton, NSW, Aborigines attempt to plunder farm; two colonists wounded.
1826July–16 AugustScone, Muswellbrook, Denman and Singleton, NSW, mounted police capture Aboriginal people, execute some.
1826AugustMerton district, Hunter region, NSW, mounted police wantonly maltreat Aboriginal people, some arrested.
182628–29 AugustUpper Hunter region, NSW, 200 Aboriginal people visit Merton in response; 11 to 15 proceed to Fal Brook via Ravensworth, burn grass at several farms. Two colonists killed, two wounded.
182631 August–1 SeptemberUpper Hunter, NSW, magistrate Scott leads punitive expedition of 14 men; 18 Aboriginal people killed. More than 10 major and minor 'collisions' between colonists and Aboriginal people in the Hunter in 1826 according to magistrates.
1826DecemberBank Hill Farm, TAS
1826MarchGreat Swanport, TAS
1826AprilMount Augustus, TAS
1826MaySally Peak, TAS
1827Near Cootralanta Lake, Monaro region, NSW, Aborigines attack Richard Brooks Jnr and party, scattering cattle later found at "Gejizric" (Gegedzerick) Flat near Berridale.
1827JuneDairy Plains, TAS
1827JuneLaycock Plains, TAS
1827JuneQuamby Brook, TAS
1827JuneQuamby Bluff, TAS
1827JuneBlackmans River, TAS
1827DecemberSorell Valley, TAS
1827DecemberBrumby Creek, TAS
1827DecemberDairy Plains, TAS
182711 DecemberWellington, NSW, George Brown shoots Aboriginal girl, who came to the door with other children, asking for food.
1828Near Lake Bathurst, NSW, two of Edward Hall's stockmen killed, Aboriginal people suspected of killings.
182810 FebruaryCape Grim, TAS
1828MarchMiles Opening, TAS
1828MarchBullock Hunting Ground, TAS
1828AprilElizabeth River, TAS
1828JulyEastern Tiers, TAS
1828OctoberJordan River, TAS
1829JanuaryTooms Lake, TAS
1829JanuaryBreak O’Day Plains, TAS
1829JanuarySt Pauls River, TAS
1829FebruaryWest Tamar area, TAS
1829MarchCataract Gorge, near Launceston, TAS
1829JunePittwater, TAS
1829SeptemberBen Lomond, TAS
1829OctoberOuse River, TAS
1830sCoolac near Gundagai, NSW
1830sOvens River near Wangaratta, VIC
1830FebruaryClyde/Ouse Rivers, TAS
1830MayFremantle, WA
1830s–40sMurrumbidgee River area, NSW (some locations below)
 Duck Bend, near Narrandera, NSW
 Green Swamp, near Buckinbong Homestead, near Narrandera, NSW
 Hulong (Ulong) Sandhill, near Narrandera, NSW
 Massacre (Murdering) Island, near Narrandera, NSW (see below under 1841)
 Poison(ed) Waterholes Creek, Sturt Highway, near Narrandera, NSW
1830–50Port Phillip District Wars, VIC
183130 AprilMurray River mouth, SA
Mid-1831Stradbroke Island, QLD
1831–32Moreton Island, QLD
1832Perth area, WA, Yagan and others fight colonists.
1832 NovemberStradbroke Island, QLD
183218 DecemberMurramarang headland, north of Bateman's Bay, NSW
c. 1833Clontarf Hill (Hamilton Hill Swamp),south of Fremantle, WA, massacre of Aboriginal people believed to have occurred during Acting Governor Ellis's search for Yagan.
183311 JulyPerth area, WA, Yagan killed.
1833–34Convincing Ground, between Portland and the Surrey River, VIC
1834Acton peninsula, ACT, then in NSW. Now National Museum of Australia, Canberra site. 
183428 OctoberBattle of Pinjarra, WA
1834Fairy Bower Falls, now in Morton National Park, near Bundanoon, NSW, believed from oral history to be a site where Aboriginal people were massacred.
1835Mt Mackenzie, near the Gloucester River, NSW
183525 AprilNear Tabratong, NSW, Richard Cunningham, botanist with Thomas Mitchell's expedition, killed by Aboriginal people 84 kms south-east of Nyngan.
183624 MayMt Dispersion, between Mildura and Robinvale, VIC
1836JulyWerribee River, 35 kms south-west of Melbourne, VIC
1836JulyWilliamstown, 10 kms south-west of Melbourne, VIC
1836August?York area, WA
183617 OctoberBarwon River, Barrabool Hills, 20 kms south-east of Colac, VIC
1837Encounter Bay, near Victor Harbour, SA
1837Geelong area, VIC
1837Gravesend, west of Warialda, NSW
1837Western VIC
1837FebruaryBirregurra, near Colac, VIC
183728 MarchCowie Creek, Geelong, VIC
1837JulyVasse, WA
1837NovemberLeigh River, 60 kms west of Geelong, VIC
1837–38SummerNear Golf Hill Station, Yarrowee River, north of Inverleigh, VIC
1837–1844Port Fairy area, VIC
1838Central Victoria
1838Crampton’s Corner, QLD
Mid-1838Gwydir River, NSW
1838Berpengary, QLD, (26 miles, (c. 42 kms) from Nundah), Aboriginal people attack Moravian missionary Pastor Gottfried Haussman. He is badly wounded but escapes.
1838Kilcoy Station, north-west of Moreton Bay, QLD
1838Perth, WA
1838Tarrone Station near Port Fairy, VIC
1838Terry Hie Hie, NSW
183826 JanuaryVinegar Hill, Waterloo (Slaughterhouse/Millie) Creek, south-west of Moree, NSW
1838MarchOn the way to Port Adelaide, SA
183812 MarchTorrens River, Adelaide, SA, coroner finds labourer, Enoch Pegler, was speared to death by an unknown Aboriginal man or men about 8 March.
1838March/April?West of Bendigo, VIC
18384 AprilLearmonth Station, 13 kms south of Ballarat, VIC
183810 AprilBanks of the Yarra River, Hawthorn, Melbourne, (now site of Scotch College), VIC
183811 AprilBattle of Broken River (Faithfull Massacre) near Benalla, VIC, additional killings of Aboriginal people followed at Murchison and Wangaratta. 
1838JuneMerino Downs Station near Henty, VIC
1838JuneNorth-east of Malmsbury near Kyneton, VIC
1838JuneWaterloo Plains, VIC
183810 JuneMyall Creek Massacre, near Inverell, NSW
Mid-1838Gwydir River, NSW
1838JulyConfluence of Murrumbidgee and Murray Rivers, NSW
1838JulyPyrenees Range above Trawalla, VIC
1838JulyThomas Learmont’s station, Addington, 20 kms north-west of Ballarat, VIC
1838WinterDarlington Station, 16 kms north-west of Lancefield, VIC
1838OctoberMerino Downs Station near Henty, VIC
1838OctoberSpring Valley (Murndal), Wannon River near Merino Station, VIC
1838?OctoberMurdering Flat, Clover Flat, Wannon River, near Casterton, VIC
1838NovemberSpring Valley (Murndal), Wannon River near Merino Station, VIC
1838–1839Central Victoria
1838/39?Tamworth, NSW
1838–1841Bathurst, NSW (Wiradjuri Wars)
c. 1839Glenormiston Station, near Terang, VIC
1839Lake Colac, 5 kms north of Colac, VIC
1839Longhorne's Ferry, Victor Harbour, SA
1839Tamworth, NSW
1839 or 1840Between Colban and Campaspe Rivers near Bendigo, VIC
1839Murdering Gully (Puuroyup), Mount Emu Creek, Camperdown district, VIC
18398 JanuaryBrewarrena (Brewarrina) Station, NSW, hut keeper, Irish convict Dennis Denay, ambushed and killed.
1839FebruaryMaiden Hills, near Lexton, VIC
183922 FebruaryNear Brillinball Station, Narrandera area, NSW, John Williams, Michael Byrne's convict servant, speared to death.
183928 FebruaryNear Billinbah, Murrumbidgee River, NSW, Aboriginal attack on two convicts, one Aboriginal man shot.
1839April11 miles (c. 17.7 kms) north-east of Adelaide, SA
1839May–JuneCampaspe Plains massacre, Campaspe Creek, VIC
183912 JuneAdelaide, SA, hanging of two Kaurna men for murder
183920 JuneLake Boga, 10 kms south-east of Swan Hill, VIC
183922 JuneMount Ida Creek, near Heathcote, VIC
1839JulyColeraine, VIC
1839JulyGerangamete, VIC
1839JulyMia Mia, VIC, bodies of murdered Aboriginal people thrown into a waterhole in the creek below the local school, according to oral history.
1839JulyMt Alexander, 30 kms south-east of Bendigo, VIC
1839AugustNorth Yanco Station at Cudgel Creek, near Narrandera, NSW, Aboriginal people attacked James Byrne, people chased across river.
1839OctoberMorgan (Great South Bend), SA, Aboriginal people attack an overlanders party. Overseer Thomas Young killed. Overlanders kill 11 Aboriginal people in retaliation.
1839OctoberMurray River, above Lake Alexandrina, SA, overlander Peter Snodgrass is attacked. Several Aboriginal people wounded. Sheep driven off.
1839NovemberDarling River, NSW, overlander Alexander Buchanan's party attacked while crossing the Darling River. A number of Aboriginal people killed, many wounded. Buchanan attacks Aboriginal camp after sheep speared.
NovemberSpring Cart Gully, two miles (c. 3.2 kms) north-east of Morgan, SA
1839 or 1840The Blood-hole (Bloody Creek), Middle Creek, near Glengower Creek, western VIC
1839–1840Between Coliban and Campaspe Rivers near Bendigo, VIC
1839–40Goulburn District, VIC?
1839–42/7Eumeralla War, Mount Napier Station, 20 kms south-east of Hamilton, VIC
1839–42 Port Lincoln, SA, Aboriginal resistance to colonists
1839–1842Mount Rouse Station or Weerangourt Station, VIC
1840s?Blackadder/Cassons Creek-Red Rock area, NSW
1840s?Green Hills, bank of Red Rock River opposite Red Rock and Station Creek, NSW
1840sLaidley, NSW
1840sClarence River district, NSW, as the frontier expanded, initially peaceful relations between colonists and Aboriginal people broke down.
1840sAvon River, near York, WA, fighting between colonists and Aboriginal people continue.
1840sClarence River stations, NSW, in the early 1840s, Aboriginal people from the area between Dorrigo and Kangaroo Creek, launch small attacks on runs in the Clarence River district.
1840sKangaroo Creek (east of Nymboida), NSW, Aboriginal people continue attacks on colonists holding runs around Kangaroo Creek.
1840s Murdering Flat near Tintaldra, VIC
1840sMurdering Flat, Tooma River near Greg Greg, NSW
1840sPort Fairy, VIC
1840sWire Fence (Minnie Water), NSW
1840sRed Rock, NSW
c. 1840Bogan River, NSW, William Lee's run, Aborigines attack stockmen while building a stockyard. Three stockmen killed, buried in stockyard.
Early 1840Near Mt Rouse, south-western VIC
Early 1840Mount Napier Station, 20 kms south of Hamilton, VIC
1840Grampians, VIC
1840Long Lagoon Station, QLD
1840Mount Cole, VIC
1840JanuaryColiban River, near Sutton Grange, VIC
184013 JanuaryYering Station, Yarra Glen, VIC
1840FebruaryMerino Downs Station, Wannon River, near Henty, VIC
1840FebruaryWestern Australia
1840Bef. FebruaryTahara Station, Wannon River/McLeods Creek, VIC
1840MarchMerino Downs Station, Wannon River near Henty, VIC
18408 MarchHamilton, VIC
18408 MarchFighting Hills, the Hummocks, near Wando Vale, VIC
184010 MarchKonong-Woontong Station, VIC
1840AprilMerino Downs Station, Wannon River, VIC
18401 AprilFighting Waterholes, near Konongwootong Reservoir, VIC
184031 MayNear Mt Lindesay, QLD, Aboriginal people kill surveyor Staplyton and his assistant Tuck.
1840JuneColac, VIC
1840JuneMuston’s station, east of Mount Rouse, VIC
1840JuneNangeela Station, Glenelg River, near Casterton, VIC
18409 JuneNear Bowman and Yaldwyn’s run, central VIC
1840June–SeptemberThe Grange Station, southern Grampians, 30 kms north-west of Hamilton, VIC
1840JulyWestern District, VIC
1840AugustHenry Dutton’s run, near Ararat, VIC
184023 AugustMaria Creek near the Coorong (The Coorong Massacre), SA
1840SpringMiddle Creek, Glengower (Campbelltown), VIC
1840OctoberDr Officer’s station, near Lake Bolac, 50 kms south of Ararat, western VIC
1840OctoberBoisdale and Bushy Park stations, 25 kms north of Sale, VIC
1840October–DecemberNuntin Station, Gippsland, VIC
1840NovemberMurdering Flat, Wannon River, between Sandford Bridge and Glenelg River junction, VIC
184021 DecemberPyrenees Range, VIC
184022 DecemberBoney Point, Gippsland, VIC
1840–1841 Woodlands Station, Wimmera River near Crowlands, VIC
1840–1850Gippsland, VIC (see also individual locations below):
 Boole Boole, Gippsland, VIC
 Holland's Landing, VIC
 Lake's Entrance, VIC
 Medusa Point, VIC
 The Heart, VIC
1840s–50sSalt Creek near Mt Muirhead, SA
c. 1841South-western VIC
c. 1841Piccaninny Waterhole, Springbank, Glenelg River, south of Casterton, VIC
1841Butchers (Boxes) Creek, Gippsland, VIC
1841Darkie (Darkie’s) Point, New England, NSW
1841Glenormiston, VIC
1841Near Lake Lonsdale, VIC
1841Lexington, VIC
1841Maffra, VIC
1841Massacre (Murdering Island), Murrumbidgee River, about 8 km south-east of Narrandera, NSW, local landholders massacre an unknown number of Aboriginal people.
1841Mt Bainbridge, VIC
1841New England Area, NSW
1841Orara River, NSW
1841Port Fairy, VIC
1841Portland, VIC
1841Junction Wannon and Glenelg Rivers, VIC
1841JanuaryGleeson Run, Hutt River, Clare, SA
1841JanuaryMorphet Run, Wakefield River, 20 kms north-east of Balaklava, SA
1841FebruarySouth Australia, two Ngarrindgeri men hanged for murders of Maria shipwreck survivors.
18417 February14 Mile Creek (Far Creek/Glenmona Station), Bet Bet Creek, west of Maryborough, VIC
18417 FebruaryLoddon River, VIC
1841MarchMount Cole, VIC
1841AprilRufus River, NSW, overlanders Henry Inman and Henry Field attacked after crossing the Rufus River. South Australian Governor Lawler despatches a punitive police party but recalls it. A retaliatory party of colonists encounters 300 Aboriginal people, kills eight in a fight. Colonists repulsed, return to Adelaide.
18411 AprilCentral Victoria
184122 AprilClarence River, NSW, squatter Peter Cunningham Pagan, speared to death about a mile from his hut, after an armed pursuit of Aboriginal people who enter the hut looking for food as it becomes scarce after the arrival of colonists in the area.
1841April/MayClarence River area, NSW, colonists shoot many Aboriginal people in retribution for the spearing of Pagan. Mundi, then a child, is shot through an ear. He is one of only a few Aboriginal people to survive the attack.
184113 MayLake Bonney at Langhorn's Crossing, Rufus River, 22 kms west of Renmark, SA
1841JuneNear Mount Sturgeon Station, Wannon River, VIC
1841JuneVasse region, WA, Wonnerup Massacre
18412 JuneKonongwootong Creek, near Coleraine, VIC
1841June–JulyBurrumbeep, south of Ararat, VIC
1841JulyBurrumbeep, south of Ararat, VIC
1841JulyHall’s outstation, Hall’s Gap, VIC
1841JulyGood Morning Bill Creek, near Mount William, VIC
184131 JulyBrisbane, QLD, Merridoo and Neugavil wrongfully executed, on a cross-arm of the Brisbane windmill (observatory tower), for murders of Stapylton and Tuck.
1841July–AugustWilliam Kirk’s station, Burrumbeep, VIC
1841AugustMt Emu, VIC
1841AugustMt William, VIC
184125 AugustMurray River, VIC
184127 AugustLake Minninup, near Augusta, WA
184127 AugustRufus River Massacre, NSW
1841About 6 OctoberNear Harmers Haven, near Watson's Hut, about 1.5 kilometres west of Cape Paterson, VIC. Tasmanian Aborigines shoot and kill two whalers, William Cook and a man called Yankee. Various theories for the killings exist: self-defence, mistaken identity or retribution for abuse or the murder of an Aboriginal woman's husband. (More information in the Victorian Timeline).
184127 OctoberLeighton Station, Hopkins River, VIC
1841DecemberPort Fairy, VIC
1841–42Burrumbeep, VIC
1841–1842Barton Station, head of Mount William Creek, VIC
1841–1842Lexington, La Rose and Mokepilly Stations, VIC
1842Balaklava, Wakefield River district, SA
1842Brisbane Valley, QLD
1842Bruthen Creek, Gippsland, VIC
1842Callandoon district, McIntyre River, QLD, two hut keepers killed during a series of Aboriginal attacks.Pastoralists and police retaliate.
1842Dutton’s farm, Port Lincoln, SA
1842Evans Head (Goanna Headland) Massacre, NSW
1842Hindmarsh Valley c. 10 kms from Port Lincoln, SA
1842Kilcoy Station, QLD
1842Net nat uungo, near Donald McKenzie’s station, Crawford River, south-western VIC
1842Nyngan Massacre, north of Nyngan, NSW
1842Pelican Creek Tragedy, north of Coraki, NSW
1842Port Lincoln area, SA
1842Skull Creek, Gippsland, VIC
1842Streaky Bay, SA
1842Near Tabratong, Bogan River, NSW, severe conflict between William Lee's men and Aboriginal people.
1842Warndaa, Boggy Gully, near Black Swamp, west of Merrang House, south-western VIC
1842Weereangourt or Mount Rouse Station, VIC
1842Whiteside, Morton Bay, QLD
1842–??Mt Remarkable, Melrose and Woolmington, near Port Augusta, SA
18423 JanuaryEumeralla Station, south-western VIC
1842FebruaryTarrone Station, Moyne River, 19 kms north of Port Fairy, VIC
18423 FebruaryBungaree Station, Clare, SA
184210 FebruaryKapunda, Light River, SA
184224 FebruaryLubra Creek, Caramut Station, near Lubra Creek/ Penshurst-Caramut Road crossing, VIC
184224 FebruaryMuston’s Creek, VIC
184224 AprilBiddle’s station, Port Lincoln, SA
184224 AprilCoffin Bay, 50 kms north-west of Port Lincoln, SA
Mid-1842Biddle’s station, Port Lincoln, SA
1842AugustTahara or Spring Valley Station, south-western VIC
1842SeptemberMount Rouse, VIC
1842OctoberMount Shadwell Station, south-west VIC
1842OctoberTarrone Station, Moyne River, 19 kms north of Port Fairy, VIC
184210 DecemberPort Fairy, VIC
Bef 1843Grampians, VIC
Bef 1843Darlot, VIC
Bef 1843Lake Colac, VIC
1842 or 1843Spring Creek Station, 16 kms south-west of Caramut, VIC
1842–1852Mandandanji Land War, southern QLD
1843Fitzroy River, VIC
1843Grampians, VIC
1843Mudall Station, Bogan River, NSW, Aboriginal people attack stockmen while moving sheep on Balfour's holding. Two stockmen killed. Holdings abandoned after three more stockmen killed.
1843Portland Bay area, VIC
1843Warrigal Creek, Gippsland, VIC
1843Western district, VIC
1843–1849Castlemaddie or Ettrick pastoral runs, VIC
1843JanuaryBroughton River, near Port Pirie, SA
18437 AprilPort Lincoln, SA, Nultia publicly executed on Biddle’s station.
18437 AprilBungaree Station, Clare, SA
1843JuneNeighbourhood of Bungaree Station, Clare, SA
1843JuneWarrigal Creek, VIC
1843AugustKoroite Station, Wannon River, VIC
1843AugustWannon River, VIC
18436 AugustVictoria Range, western VIC
184313 AugustNear Mount Zero, VIC
1843SeptemberHeadwaters, Crawford River, south-western VIC
184312 SeptBattle of One Tree Hill (Mt Tabletop), near Toowoomba, QLD (led by Multuggerah)
1843OctoberOn road between Portland and Kanawalla Station, Wannon River, south-west VIC
18439 NovemberGlenelg River near Harrow, VIC
1844Bluff Rock, near Tenterfield, NSW, conflicting versions of the details of Bluff Rock massacre exist. It is believed 'settlers' threw Aboriginal people from the rock in a reprisal.
1844Deepwater area, north of Glen Innes, NSW
1844Maffra, VIC
184417 OctoberNear Bolivia Station, Deepwater area, NSW
1844–45Port Augusta, SA (Port Augusta War)
184425 JanuaryMullagh Station, 11 kilometres north of Harrow, VIC
184415 AprilGrampian Range, VIC
1844MayGrampian Range, VIC
184415 May100 kilometres north of the Pyrenees Range, VIC
1844JulyAdelaide, SA
184413–14 JulyMt Bryan, 30 kms north-north-east of Burra, SA
1844AugustMt Gambier, SA
184419 October40 kilometres north of Longerenong Station, VIC
1844NovemberNear Lake Leake, SA
1845Deepwater, north of Glen Innes, NSW
1845Douralie Creek, Macleay region, NSW
c. 1845Grampians, VIC
1845Gilbert River, far north QLD, explorer Leichhart's naturalist, Gilbert fatally speared.
1845Hendersons Creek, Macleay area, NSW
1845Kunderang Station, Upper Macleay, NSW
1845Mt Remarkable, 45 kms north of Port Pirie, SA
1845Quorn, Gawler Ranges, SA
1845Upper Macleay River, NSW, Aboriginal people killed under a cliff. 
1845Wivenhoe, Brisbane Valley, QLD, John Uhr killed during an Aboriginal attack.
c. 1845Henderson's Creek, Macleay area, NSW
c. 1845Sheep Station Bluff, Macleay area, NSW
c. 1845Wabra Station, Macleay area, NSW
184515 AprilDeepwater area, NSW
1845MayNear Rivoli Bay, 70 kms north-west of Mt Gambier, SA
1845JulyMt Arapiles, VIC
1845JulyVictoria Plains, WA
184511 JulyWest of Horsham, VIC
1845DecemberWestern Port, VIC
Bef 1846Streaky Bay, SA
Early 1846Outside Anderson's Inn, Burbank (Lexton), VIC
1846Crystal Brook, near Mt Remarkable, SA
1846"Murdering Stumps", Tabratong Station, NSW, Aboriginal reprisal attack on William Lee's station employees at night. All but one employee killed. Dates for this incident in the Tabratong area vary from 1841, 1842, 1846 or 'before 1850'. The varying dates and sometimes differing descriptions for this conflict suggest that there were more than one that occurred on the Bogan in the 1840s to 1850s.
1846Strathalbyn, 22.99 kms (14.29 miles) from Mt Barker, SA
1846FebruaryWimmera River, later site of the Ebenezer Aboriginal Station, VIC
18466 FebruaryMullagh Station, 11 kilometres north of Harrow, VIC
1846AprilPyrenees Range, VIC
184628 JuneAvoca River, near Charlton, VIC
1846AugustAire River mouth, Cape Otway, VIC
1846AugustSterling’s station, south-east SA
184620 OctoberNorth Pine, south-east QLD, Aboriginal people led by Milbong Jemmy murder Andrew McGregor and Mrs Shannon with waddies. Mr Shannon later attacked but escapes.
1846OctoberEagle Farm, Brisbane, QLD, Milbong attacks Mr Richardson, robs his house.
1846OctoberDoughboy Creek, (now part of Hemmant), Brisbane, QLD, Milbong attacks sawyers, is shot, dies almost immediately.
1846SeptemberRivoli Bay, 65 kms north-west of Mt Gambier, SA
1846NovemberGippsland, VIC
184611 NovemberNear North Avenue, Guichen Bay, Robe, SA
1846DecemberSnowy River, VIC
1846–47Central Gippsland, VIC
1847Clarence River, NSW
1847Kilcoy Station, Upper Brisbane River, QLD, station hands set a trap, putting aresenic-laced flour in hut. Aboriginal people rob the hut, many die after eating the flour.
1847Mount Eccles, VIC
1847Mount Talbot, VIC
1847JanuaryRobe, SA
1847AprilEumeralla district, south-western VIC
1847Mid-AprilWhiteside Station, QLD
184720 MayEuremete and Lyne Stations adjoining Branxholme, south-western VIC
1847JulyMount Napier, VIC
1847AugustMt Gambier, SA
184711 SeptemberNorth Pine, Brisbane district, QLD, Aborigines led by Dundalli kill William Waller and badly wound William Boller. James Smith escapes.
1847SeptemberGoodar near Callandoon, QLD, James Marks kills an Aboriginal man.
184713 OctMary River, Maryborough district, QLD, George Furber and friend attacked by Aboriginal assistants while building a wool shed. Furber is wounded, his friend killed. Furber later retaliates shooting the Aboriginal men who attacked him.
1847OctoberMount Talbot, VIC
184725 NovemberAt, or near, Anderson and Mills’s public house, Buninyong, VIC
1847c. 28 NovemberKangaroo Creek run, south-east of Nymboida, Clarence River district, NSW. More than 20 Aboriginal people die after eating poisoned flour given to them by run-holder Thomas Coutts.
1847–49Mt Abundance, near Roma, QLD, Aboriginal people kill seven Europeans.
1847–1851Aroona Station, Orroroo, north-west of Hawker, SA
1848Butcher's Tree, near Brewarrina, NSW, massacre of Aboriginal people
1848Escape River, tip of Cape York, Qld, explorer Edmund Kennedy speared, dies in the arms of Aboriginal tracker, Jackey Jackey.
1848Hospital Creek, near Brewarrina, NSW, masscre of Aboriginal people
1848Tingun Station, near Roma, QLD, Aboriginal people attack James Blythe and drive him off the station.
1848Maryborough, QLD, Aborigines kill George Furber and his brother-in-law in the bush.
1848Umbercollie, QLD
1848Waterloo Bay (Elliston), SA
1848Wimmera district, VIC
1848FebruaryMurrumbidgee station, Murray area, VIC
184831 MarchPort Lincoln, SA
1849Avenue Range Station, Mount Gambier area, SA
1849Balonne and Condamine Rivers, QLD
1849Bigumbul, QLD
1849Brown’s run, near Robe, SA
1849Carbucky, QLD
1849Fowlers Bay, WA, public execution of Wirangu men, (public executions banned)
1849Mt Wedge Station, Elliston, SA, public execution of Nawu men (public executions banned)
1849Paddy Island, upper Burnett River, QLD
1849Port Lincoln, SA
1849Severn River, QLD
18494 JuneGin Gin Station (now part of the town of Gin Gin), Burnett area, QLD, Aborigines kill shepherds, the Pegg brothers.
1849Aft 4 JuneThe Cedars, QLD, Gregory Blaxland, the Thompson brothers and friendly Aborigines kill 'scores of blacks' in a reprisal for the Pegg brothers' deaths.
184926 JuneWannon River, western VIC
1849OctoberSouth-east SA
1840s–1850sMurderers’ Flat, Darlots Creek, near site of Lake Condah Aboriginal Mission, VIC
1850Brodribb River, at the Mllly (Mille) or Cabbage Tree Creek, near Orbost, VIC
1850Gippsland, VIC
1850Murrindal near Orbost, VIC
1850MarchYuleba Creek, QLD
1850AugustGin Gin Station, QLD, Aborigines ambush and kill Gregory Blaxland near the station homestead.
1850Paddy Island, Burnett River, QLD, a punitive party of squatters and station hands from Gin Gin and surrounding properties kill hundreds of Aboriginal people on Paddy Island. Many escape by swimming the river and disappearing into the Woongarra Scrub.
1850sBlack Head, East Ballina, NSW
1850sBlackfellow’s Creek, Barmera, SA
1850sCobdolgla Station, 40 kms south-west of Renmark, SA
1850sKingston Ferry, 10 kms west of Barmera, SA
1850sNorth-east of Lake Bonney, SA
1850sMt Serle (Searle), 50 kms east of Leigh Creek, SA
1850sTeewah Beach, Noosa area, QLD, a massacre of Aboriginal people is believed to have taken place on Teewah Beach.
1850s–1860sBoomerang Point, south of Rotamah, Lake Reeve, 20 kms s-e of Bairnsdale, VIC, massacre of Aboriginal people
1851Maranoa, QLD
1852Fraser Island, QLD
1852Isla Station, Dawson River, QLD, Aborigines kill McLaren near the station homestead.
1852Rawbelle Station, QLD, an Aboriginal man named Davey kills Adolphus Trevethan.
1852May–JulyYamboucal Station, near Surat, QLD
22 August'Meldrum Massacre', Bald Hills Station, Armidale district, NSWMurders, allegedly by Aboriginal people, of colonists John Meldrum, Mary Mason and her two children aged 3 and 18 months. The murders may have been in retaliation for the poisoning of Aboriginal people, with arsenic-laced flour, by other colonists.
185222 AugustQueen Street, Brisbane, QLD, Davey, an Aboriginal man, hanged for the murder of Adolphus Trevethan.
1852SeptemberMt Aden, near Port Lincoln, SA
185230 SeptemberBordertown, SA
c. 1853Ballina, NSW
3 Dec 1853Sandgate, Brisbane area, QLD, Aborigines attack Tom Dowse and family. They escape with their lives. Incident leads to the establishment of a Native Police camp at Sandgate headed by Lt. Wheeler.
1853–54Black Head, East Ballina, NSW
c. 1854Miriam Vale, QLD
1854Granville, QLD
1854Tiereyboo, QLD
185419 SeptemberMt Brown, east of Port Pirie, SA
185425 DecemberMt Larcom Station, Port Curtis district, QLD, Aborigines murder five of Young's employees while he is visiting Gladstone. Native Police pursue murderers, killing many.
1855Middlecap Station, Franklin Harbour, Cowell, SA
18555 JanuaryQueen Street, Brisbane, QLD, Dundalli hanged.
1856Wangerriburra/Mt Wetheren, NSW
1856Werribone, QLD
1856Towel Creek, Macleay River, NSW
185610 JanuarySouth Australia, four Banggarla men hanged for murder and sheep stealing.
1856–57Hornet Bank, Dawson River, QLD
1857Mt Serle (Searle), SA
185727 OctoberUpper Dawson River, QLD, Hornet Bank Massacre, of the Fraser family and an Aboriginal man
1857–58 Dawson River district, QLD, retaliatory massacres of hundreds of Yeeman Aboriginal people
1858John Jacob’s run, Arkaroola Creek, 100 kms east-north-east of Leigh Creek, SA
1858Fairymead, QLD
1858Maryborough, QLD
1858Tibradden Station, Victoria River district, inland from Geraldton, WA
18586 AprilEurombah Station, Dawson River area, QLD, Aborigines kill two shepherds.
1859Lake Bolac Station, western VIC
1859c. MarchUpper Irwin River, mid-west WA
1859SeptemberNear Brisbane QLD, shooting of an Aboriginal woman and injuries to two children.
186025 JuneAttack Creek (Goaranalki), Stuart Highway, 74 kms north of Tennant Creek, NT, Warumungu attack on explorer John McDouall Stuart and party. Stuart turns back.
1860Bendemere, QLD, Frederick Carr's Native Police detachment kills unknown number of Aboriginal people.
1860Fassifern, QLD, Frederick Wheeler's Native Police detachment kills unknown number of Aboriginal people.
1860Flinders Peak, near Ipswich, QLD, Frederick Wheeler's Native Police detachment kills unknown number of Aboriginal people.
1860Maryborough, QLD, John Bligh's Native Police detachment kills unknown number of Aboriginal people.
1860Venus Bay, 60 kms south-east of Streaky Bay, SA. Execution of more Nawu men
1860Venus Bay, 60 kms south-east of Streaky Bay, SA
1860sSouth Ballina, NSW
Early 1860s"Waterview", north Bundaberg, QLD
1861Albinia Downs, QLD
1861Near Emerald, QLD
1861Fairfield Station, QLD, William Moorhead's Native Police detachment kills Aboriginal people.
1861Flinders River, QLD, Native Police kill 12 Aboriginal people in a clash over the right to camp at a fresh water spring.
1861Maranoa, QLD
1861Medway Ranges (Central Highlands), QLD
1861Manumbar, QLD, Rudolph Morisset's Native Police detachment kills Aboriginal people.
1861Planet Creek, Springsure district, QLD, Native Police involved in killing Aboriginal people.
186117 OctoberCullinguringa (Cullin-La-Ringo) Massacre or Wills Tragedy, north of Springsure, QLD
1861NovemberRoxburgh (Roxborough) Downs, QLD
c. 1862Cape Upstart, QLD
1862Caboolture, near Brisbane, QLD
1862Coongoola, QLD
1862Dawson River, QLD, Ralph Johnson's Native Police detachment kills Aboriginal people.
1862Fowlers Bay, 140 kms west of Ceduna, SA
1862Tibradden Station, WA
1862Venus Bay, 60 kms south-east of Streaky Bay, SA
1863Gayndah, QLD, Joseph Harris's Native Police detachment kills unknown number of Aboriginal people.
1863Meteor Creek, Springsure district, QLD, William Sharpe's Native Police detachment kill at least one Aboriginal person.
1863Tieryboo, QLD, Frederick Carr's Native Police detachment kills unknown number of Aboriginal people.
1863Yatton, QLD, Marmaduke Richardson's Native Police detachment kills unknown number of Aboriginal people.
1864Eureka near Bundaberg, QLD, Brown's Native Police detachment kills unknown number of Aboriginal people.
1864Mullewa, WA
1864Pabaju (Albany Island), QLD
1864Stuckey and Elders’ run, Umberatana Station, 120 kms west of Lyndhurst, SA
1864Tibradden Station, WA
18644 JuneSander’s run, QLD
186410 JuneExpedition Range, QLD
1864Mid-Murdering Creek near Lake Weyba, Noosa Heads area, QLD, massacre of Aboriginal people.
186416 DecemberNassau River, QLD
186418 DecemberMitchell River, Cape York Peninsula, QLD, Battle of the Mitchell, Aboriginal warriors, hurling spears, fight a pitched battle against armed Europeans. Many warriors killed or injured. No colonists died or injured.
1865Calliope, QLD, Arthur Beevor's Native Police detachment kills unknown number of Aboriginal people.
1865Dawson River district, QLD, Otto Paschen's Police detachment involved in 'numerous collisions'.
1865Glenmore, QLD
1865La Grange Bay area, Kimberley region, WA
1865Mailman's Gorge, near Aramac, QLD
1865Moola Bulla, WA
1865Thouringowa (Thuringowa) Waterhole, QLD
1865MayNear Rannes, QLD, Native Police Officer, Cecil Hill, killed during an Aboriginal attack.
18658 JuneRio Station, Dawson River, QLD, Aborigines ambush and kill a European police sergeant and three Aboriginal troopers. Native Polive miunt a revenge expedition.
Mid-1860sWest of Rockhampton, QLD
c. 1866Chesterton (Pigeon Creek), QLD
1866Banana, QLD, Native Police officer, Edward Seymour, kills an Aboriginal woman.
1866Pearl Creek, QLD
1866Perch Creek, QLD
1866DecemberLake Perigundi, Cooper’s Creek Tirari Desert, 110 kms north-east of Marree, SA
1867Goulbolba Hill, Central QLD
1867Morinish, QLD, Myrtil Aubin's Native Police detachment kills unknown number of Aboriginal people.
1867Paroo River, south-west QLD, William Hill's Native Police detachment kills Aboriginal people.
1867Stawell River, QLD
1867The Leap, north-west of Mackay, QLD
1867Turtle Head Island, north QLD
c. 1867Broadsound district, QLD
1868Albert Downs, Gregory River, QLD, Aboriginal people rob station of firearms, axes, food and other supplies. 'Dispersed by the law of the carbine'. No loss of lives or injuries reported.
1868Burdekin, QLD
1868Cassidy's Station, Leichhardt River, QLD, Aboriginal people attack station, 'dispersed by the law of the carbine'. No deaths or injuries reported.
1868Grosvenor Downs, QLD
1868Inverleigh, QLD
1868Kimberleys, WA
1868Mailman's Gorge near Aramac, QLD, more than 25 Aboriginal people slaughtered.
1868Norman River, QLD, Aborigines kill Cannon, Manson and a number of Chinese employees on Liddie and Hetzer's station.
1868South of Burketown, QLD, Uhr massacre of Aboriginal people
1868February–MayFlying Foam Passage, King Bay, Murujuga (Burrup Peninsula), WA, Flying Foam Massacres of Aboriginal people
1868OctoberLake Tyers, VIC
1868DecemberNorth Creek Station, Nebo, QLD, Aborigines murder JT Collins.
1869Bowen district, QLD
1869Kourareg, on Muralag (Prince of Wales Island), QLD, Aborigines capture captain and crew of a cutter. Kill some crew and a boy. Captain Montgomerie's frigate Blanche, with police aboard, embarks on a punitive expedition against the 'Mt Ernest natives' believed responsible. Three 'chiefs' shot.
1869Nebo, QLD, Robert Johnstone's Native Police detachment kills Aboriginal people.
1869Woodstock, QLD
1870Barcoo River, QLD, Edward Wheeler's Native Police detachment kills several Aboriginal people.
1870–1890Kalkadoon Wars, Mt Isa region, QLD (see also Battle Mountain below)
Early 1870sBattle Hole, Barcoo River, QLD
1870sGilbert River, QLD
1871Gilberton, QLD, deadly clashes between Aboriginal people, miners and Native Police.
1871Somerset, QLD, Frank Jardine allegedly shoots four Native Police troopers, three apparently survive but try to escape by sea in a canoe a month later.
1872Aramac, Barcaldine region, QLD, Frederick Maier killed.
1872Near Cardwell, QLD, Aborigines kill some survivors of the Maria shipwreck, help others.
1872Near Cardwell, QLD, Native Police involved in reprisals against Aboriginal people believed to have killed Maria shipwreck survivors.
1872Cloncurry, QLD, Alexander Salmond's Native police detachment kills Aboriginal people.
1872Clump Point, Mission Beach, QLD, Robert Johnstone's Native Police detachment kills Aboriginal people.
1872Coast Track (the Savannah Way), Gulf Country, NT (Multiple killings)
1872Opposite Coonanglebah (Dunk) Island, QLD, Djiru massacre
1872Gladstone, QLD, Native police detachment kills Aboriginal people.
1872Herbert River, far north QLD, Charles Shairp's Native Police detachment kills an Aboriginal woman.
1872Hinchinbrook Island, QLD
1872Mt Leonard, QLD
1872Newcastle Waters area, NT
1872Sweers Island, QLD
1872Tambo, Barcoo River, central QLD, Thomas Williams's Native Police detachment kills Aboriginal people.
1872Near Yaamba, north of Rockhampton, QLD
1872Valley of Lagoons, QLD, Johnstone's Native Police detachment alleged to have killed Aboriginal people.
1872Wombinderry Waterhole, QLD
187224 AprilWelford Downs Station (formerly Walton Downs Station), Barcoo River area, QLD, Aborigines murder Richard Welford, squatter and Henry Hall, stockman, while they are sawing a tree.
1873Aramac, Barcaldine region, QLD, John Carroll's Native Police detachment kills Aboriginal people.
1873Opposite Double Island, QLD
1873Herbert River, QLD, Johnstone's Native Police detachment kills Aboriginal people.
1873Massacre Sandhill, QLD
1873Normanby, QLD, Aulaire Morisset's Native Police detachment kills Aboriginal people.
1873Palm Cove, QLD, Johnstone's Native Police detachment kills Aboriginal people.
1873Pearl Shellers’ Revenge, south-west of Somerset station, far north QLD
1873North of Pine Creek, NT
1873Skull Creek, near Nebo, QLD
1873AprilGreen Island, off Cairns, QLD
187310 JulyGreen Island, off Cairns, QLD
187322 NovemberGilberton goldfield, QLD, Aborigines kill two Chinese prospectors, two reported missing.
1873c. DecemberBattle Camp ‘collision’, far north QLD, European prospectors and Native Police engage in armed battle with Aboriginal tribespeople. Hundreds of Aboriginal people killed, about four Europeans speared to death.
1874Bloomfield River, far north QLD, while trying to find a shorter route from the coast to the Palmer goldfield, Edward Dumaresq's Native Police detachment is involved in a number of killings of Aboriginal people.
1874Gilberton, QLD, Henry Finch's Native Police detachment involved in killings of Aboriginal people.
1874Skull Creek, 50 kms south of Barrow Creek, NT
1874JuneGreen Island, off Cairns, QLD
1874LatePalmer River area, QLD, Aboriginal people kill Straher family.
1874–75Blackfellow’s Creek, far north QLD
1875Miriam Vale, QLD, Native Police officer, Alexander Douglas involved in Aboriginal killings.
1875Palmer River area, QLD, reprisals against Aboriginal people following Straher deaths
187530 JuneRoper Bar, near Roper River, NT, Charles Johnston killed by Aboriginal people.
1875 July?Roper River (Mole Hill to mouth), NT, punitive expeditions after Johnston's murder
18757 AugustRoper Bar, near Roper River, NT, Abram Daer killed by Aboriginal people.
c. 1875Irpmankara massacre, NT
Mid to late 1800sBundaburra(h) Creek, near Forbes, NSW, Aboriginal people poisoned with strychnine, then 'thrown in the river near Bundaburra(h) Creek'.
1876Banchory Station near Clermont, QLD, Native Police officer Frederick Wheeler charged with murder of an Aboriginal man named Jemmy.
1876Creen Creek, QLD, Native Police detachments led by Armit and Poingdestre kill Aboriginal people.
1876Kennedy River, QLD 
1876 MarchMistake Creek, near Clermont, QLD
c. 1876Kangirr Creek, QLD
1877Corella Downs and vicinity, NT, Aboriginal people killed in punitive expedition after murders of Fred Jeffries and his Aboriginal assistant.
1877Valley of Springs Station near Cox River, NT, Aboriginal people killed after Bird murder.
18772 DecemberCoast Track (the Savannah Way), near Nicholson River, NT, William Batten murder
1877Aft 2 DecemberCoast Track, near Nicholson River, NT, punitive expeditions after Batten killing
c. 1877Western QLD, Skull Hole Massacre
1878Douglas River, north-west of Pine Creek, NT
1878Coast Track (the Savannah Way), near Limmen Bight River, NT
1878Near Daly River, NT
1878Murray Island, QLD
1878FebruaryRange west of Cairns, QLD
1878FebruaryTuck-au-noo, far north QLD, Aboriginal people allegedly murder W Bird in retaliation for kidnapping three members of the local tribe.
187831 AugustSmithfield near Cairns, QLD
187813 DecemberNear Limmen Bight River, NT, murder of William Travers
1878Aft DecemberCoast Track near Limmen Bight River, NT, Aboriginal people killed in punitive expedition after Travers murder.
1878Whitsunday Islands, QLD, Aboriginal attack on the schooner Louisa Maria and her crew. Native Police reprisals led  by George Nowlan.
Late 1878Cooktown district, far north QLD
1878?Warroo Station, St George, QLD
1879Cape Bedford, far North QLD
1879Near Cooktown, QLD, Stanhope O'Connor's Native Police detachment involved in killing Aboriginal people.
1879Glengyle, QLD
1879Mossman River, QLD, George Nowlan's Native Police detachment involved in killing Aboriginal people.
1879Ravine, QLD
1879Woonomo Billabong, Suleiman Creek, north-west QLD
1879Selwyn Range, QLD
1879SeptemberMulgrave River, near Cairns, QLD
1879Thursday Island, QLD
1880Horse (Horso) Creek, Kimberley region, WA The introduction of cattle and other European animals onto Aboriginal country caused much damage to traditional sites and waterholes, also upsetting the ecological balance. As in other colonies, as Europeans expanded their pastoral and mining interests in Western Australia, traditional food and water resources were disturbed, if not destroyed. In attempts to protect their country, Aboriginal people often had to hunt cattle from their lands, also resorting to killing them for food when traditional game was scarce or disappeared. At Horso (Horse) Creek about 1880 Europeans shoot a group of Gija people for driving off bullocks. To hide the evidence of the murders, the Gija people's bodies are burnt. Later the mother of a boy, who escapes the killings, finds him hiding in the carcass of a bullock.
1880Lake Cowal, The Bland, central-western NSW, local landholders massacre Aboriginal people.
1880Normanton district, QLD
1870s/80sMimosa Station, south-west of Temora, NSW, a hired hand shot and killed up to 1,000 Aboriginal people in this area.
Early 1880sClohesy River, near Kuranda, QLD
Early 1880sMoonjaree, QLD
1880MarchCocanarup, Phillips River, WA
188020 MayCoast Track (now called the Savannah Way), Limmen Bight River, NT, murder of John Barry
c. 1880Butchers Creek area, QLD, according to Ngadjonji oral history, fighting erupts between colonists and Aboriginal people after Europeans interfere with Aboriginal women while their men are away from camp. Some colonists are speared, many Aboriginal people shot. More Aboriginal people shot in later incidents.
1880sNear Booroloola, NT
1880sCalvert Hills, NT
1880sKoonchera Point, Birdsville, central-western QLD, Mindiri Massacre
1880sKoonchera Sandhill (Dune), SA
1880sMt Drysdale, north of Cobar, NSW
1880sPoeppels Corner, east Simpson Desert, QLD, Wardamba Massacre
1880sRed Rock (Blood Rock), NSW
1880sTinnenburra, QLD
1880sWollogorang (at the Pocket), NT
1880sWiryirbi, Clifton Hills, SA
c. 1880sMcPherson Creek (at Kawurrungkuma), NT
c. 1880sWearyan River, near Manangoora, NT
c. 1880sSeven Emus Creek, near Manguwarruna, NT
c. 1880sCalvert Downs (at Waningirrinyi Waterhole), NT
c. 1880sCalvert Downs (at Mawurra Cave), NT
c. 1880sCalvert Downs (at Gabugabuna), NT
Late 1880sNear Cairns, QLD
1880s–90sFlorida Station, Arnhem Land, NT
1880s–90sHodgson Downs, NT
1881Bibhoora near Mareeba, QLD
1881Lizard Island, north of Cooktown, QLD, Mary Watson and baby disappear from a fishing station after Chinese manservants speared. Aboriginal people blamed for killings. Native Police Inspector Harvey Fitzgerald leads punitive killing raids on the coast north of Cooktown.
1881Normanton, QLD, Aboriginal people kill sub-inspector Dyas.
1881Woolgar, QLD, Native Police officer Henry Kaye killed during an Aboriginal attack. Native Police reprisals follow under command of William Nichols.
18812 JuneRosie Creek, Coast Track (Savannah Way), NT, Patrick McNamara killed by Aborigines.
1881SeptemberCocanarup, Phillips River, WA
1882Cloncurry, QLD, Frederick Urquhart's Native Police kill Kalkadoon people.
1882Elsey Station, near Elsey Creek, NT
1882Elsey Station, NT
1882Elsey Station, near Strangways River, NT
1882Jinparrak (Old Wave Hill Station), NT, Aboriginal man shot in the back for trying to take a bucket and some billies.
1882Leigh Creek, SA
1882McKinlay Ranges near Cloncurry, QLD, Native Police cadet, Marcus La Poer Beresford, killed in Aboriginal attack.
1882Ochre Trail on Beltana Station, Leigh Creek, SA
1882Tubu (Warrior) Island, Torres Strait, QLD
188216 JuneElsey Station, NT, Aboriginal people murder Duncan Campbell
Late 1882Margaret River, eastern edge of the Fitzroy Valley, WA
1882NovemberBetween Granite Creek (later Mareeba) and Cairns, QLD
c. 1882Coast Track (the Savannah Way) at Calvert River, NT
1883Coast Track (the Savannah Way) at Skeleton Creek, NT, Aboriginal people killed in a punitive expedition after a horse is speared.
1883Cooloolah, Cloncurry district, QLD, Alfred Smart's Native Police detachment kills Kalkadoon people.
1883Massacre Hill, NT
188323 JulyRussell River near Cairns, QLD
188326 AugustNear Russell River, north QLD
1883SeptemberFrasers Creek, NT, Aboriginal murder of John Fraser and Aboriginal assistant
1883/84Warluck (Seale Gorge), NT, British pastoralists massacre Gurindji people.
1883–1910Victoria River Downs, NT, massacres of Aboriginal people
1884Battle Mountain (Mount Remarkable), near Mt Isa, QLD, Kalkadoon Wars
1884Burrundie, NT, 200 km south of Darwin, NT, Woolwonga tragedy
1884East of Angkwerl, NT, Blackfellows Bones Hill Massacre
1884Grenada, QLD
1884Irvinebank inland from Cairns, QLD, Nichols's and Garraway's Native Police detachment kill at least six Aboriginal people. Bodies burnt.
1884McKinlay River, NT
1884Mistake Creek, Isaac region, QLD, Frederick Urquhardt's Native Police detachment kills Aboriginal people.
1884Mulgrave River, QLD
1884Selwyn Range, QLD
1884Skeleton Creek, NT
1884Skeleton Creek, QLD
1884Skull Pocket, QLD
1884White Hills, QLD
1884AugustAngkwerl (Anna's Reservoir), Aileron Station, NT
1884AugustRussell River, near Cairns, QLD
1884Aug–DecMulgrave River, near Cairns, QLD
1884SeptemberDaly River, NT
188421 DecemberMulgrave River, near Cairns, QLD
1884–1888Daly River area, NT, 'Coppermine massacre' and other reprisals
1885Alexandria Station, NT
1885Alexandria Station (at Peaker Creek), NT
1885Battle Creek, Victoria River Downs, NT
1885Blackall, QLD, Robert Little's Native Police detachment kills Aboriginal people.
1885Elsey Station, NT
1885Elsey Station, near Chambers Creek, NT
1885McArthur River, near Kilgour Gorge, NT
1885Norman River, QLD, Lyndon Poingdestre's Native Police detachment kills Aboriginal people.
1886Near Cairns, QLD
1886Cockatoo Bora, QLD
1886Dunganminnie Spring, NT
1886Limmen Bight River Cave, NT
1886McArthur River, NT 
1886McArthur River station, NT (various locations)
1886Malakoff Creek, McArthur River Station, NT
1886Rosewood Station, NT
188628 JulyBetween Vanderlin Island and McArthur River mouth, NT
1886AugustYulbarra, Vanderlin Island, NT
18866 SeptemberNear Cairns, QLD
1886SeptemberGregory Creek, NT
188618 OctoberBroadmere outstation, NT, Aboriginal people kill Edward Lenehan
188617 NovemberKimberleys, WA
c. 1886Yulbarra Creek, Vanderlin Island, NT
1887Amelia Spring, McArthur River station, NT
1887Corella Downs station, NT
1887Corella Downs station and surrounding area, NT
1887Hall’s Creek, WA
1887Kimberley, Normanton district, QLD, Daniel Lorigan's and Lyndon Poingdestre's Native Police detachments kill Aboriginal people.
1887Valley of Springs station, near Cox River, NT
1888Diamantina River district, south-west QLD
1888Kirrima, QLD
1888AprilNear Calvert River, NT
188812 MayMcArthur River, NT
188831 DecemberCorella Downs, NT
1880sLateNear Cairns, QLD
1888–89Boar (Boar's) Pocket near Cairns, QLD
1889Auvergne Station, NT
1889Coen, QLD
1889Jampawurru (Red Lily Spring or Mud Creek), NT
1889Pine Tree Station, QLD
1889c. JanuaryBrunette Downs Station, NT
1889Lawn Hill, north-western QLD, Alfred Wavell killed while attempting to arrest Aboriginal man, Joe Flick.
1889Mein, north QLD, Frederick Urquhart's Native Police detachment kills Aboriginal people.
1889Pine Tree Station, QLD
1889–90Haddon Corner, SA
1890Speewah, near Kuranda, far north QLD
1890Coanjula Creek, near Upper Nicholson River, NT
1890Bef 11 JanuaryCadalgo Station, near the Transcontinental Railway, 50 kms west of Haddon Corner, SA
1890West Baines River, NT
1890sEast Baines River, NT
1890s?Ganjarinjarri, upper Robinson River, NT
Mid-1890sSpeewah, near Kuranda, QLD
Mid-1890sSpring Creek Valley between Cairns and Port Douglas, QLD
Mid–1890s?Flaggy Creek, near Kuranda, QLD
Mid–1890s?Mona Mona, near Kuranda, QLD
1890JulyLower Barron River, QLD?
1890s?Ganjarinjarri, upper Robinson River, NT
1890–1896Western Australia, conflicts between pastoralists and Aboriginal people
1890–1920Warmun (Turkey Creek) district, WA
1880s–c. 1926‘The Killing Times’, Kimberleys, WA The Ruby Plains Massacre that took place during 'The Killing Times' was one example of how pastoralists dealt with Aboriginal resistance to European incursions. To record Aboriginal oral history of such events that most likely were not included in official European archives, Rover Thomas painted a series of 'killing times' paintings. Among this series were paintings of the massacre at Ruby Plains Station where Aboriginal people were shot for killing a bullock and later decapitated.
1891Spring Vale, QLD
189123 FebruaryTempe Downs Station, Finke River, NT
1891MayDora Dora near Albury, NSW
1892Auvergne Station, NT
1892Coolgardie region, WA
1892Corella Downs (at Corella Creek), NT
1892Creswell Downs, NT
1892Cresswell Downs, NT (at Puzzle Creek south), NT
1892Mapoon, QLD, Native Police shoot Aboriginal people.
1892?Cresswell Downs, NT (at Kiana rockhole), NT
189231 JanuaryCresswell Downs, NT (at Bowgan Waterhole outstation)
1892AugustMyola, near Kuranda, QLD
1892October ffWilleroo Station, NT
1893SeptemberRosewood Station, NT
1894Cliffdale Creek, south of Wollogorang, NT
1894 JuneBlack Gin Creek, NT
18947 JulyKalgara (Mount Margaret) district, WA, P. Mack 'tomahawked'.
189430 JulyFour miles south of Brickey's Soak, Kalgara (Mount Margaret) district, WA, 30 to 40 Aboriginal people, armed with spears and clubs, attack D'Arcy Uhr, Michael Galway and George Alexander at 3.00 pm in the afternoon. A nearby camp of six men assists Uhr's party to save their camp. An Aboriginal man kills one of the intruders on their Country, wounds another.
1894–1904Bradshaw Station, NT
1896Lakefield, QLD
1896Ranges, located in the NT, west of Lawn Hill, QLD
1896–97Cresswell Downs, NT
1896-97Irringa on Cresswell Creek, NT
1896–97Minyarrga on Cresswell Creek, NT
1896–97Radjiji, upper Nicholson River, NT
1896–97Woodawalla on Cresswell Creek, NT
17 August 1896 Deebing Creek, QLDStudents at the local Aboriginal mission school and their teacher allegedly shot.
1897Jandamarra, Bonuba leader killed, WA
1897JanuaryJasper Gorge, Victoria River, NT
1897Wollogorang (at Baladuna Waterhole), NT
1898Smithfield near Cairns, QLD, John Higgins's Native Police detachment kills Aboriginal people.
1898–1903Barron River, Wooroora, and Mt Garnet, QLD, Heenan's Native Police detachment kills Aboriginal people.
1899Wave Hill station, NT
Late 1800sSkull Hole (now in Bladensburg National Park), QLD
c. 1900Calvert River mouth, NT
190020 JulyBreelong, near Gilgandra, NSW, Mawbey and Kerz murders
190023 JulyNear Ulan, NSW
190024 JulyPoggie, near Merriwa, NSW
190026 JulyNear Wollar, NSW
190031 OctoberNorth of Singleton, NSW, Joe Governor shot
1900sEmu Lagoon, north QLD
1900sMacumba Station, SA
1900sMourne (Morn) Pool, near Mildura, VIC
1900sNear Oodnadatta, SA
190114 JanuaryDubbo Gaol, NSW, Jacky Underwood hanged for his part in Mawbey and Kerz murders
190118 JanuaryDarlingust Gaol, Sydney, NSW, Jimmy Governor hanged for murder
1902Ducie River, Cape York Peninsula, QLD, John Hoole's Native Police detachment kills Aboriginal people.
1902Near Mapoon, Cape York Peninsula, QLD
1903Hodgson Downs (at Bailey Creek), NT
1904Flick Yard, QLD
1904Kirrima, QLD
1905Victoria River, NT, Bradshaw massacre
1905Near Wadeye (Port Keats), NT, massacre reprisal
c. 1906Murbai, QLD
1906–07Canning Stock Route, WA
1910MarchVictoria River Downs, NT
1910sEmu Lagoon, QLD
c. 1910/11Gaargarn (Gan Gan), inland from Blue Mud Bay, Yolgnu country, Arnhem Land, NT
1911–1918Bentinck Island, QLD
Between 1913–1918Pewuly (Bow Hills Police Station), NT, massacre of Gurindji people
1915Mistake Creek, near Warmun (Turkey Creek), east Kimberley region, WA
1915–16Elsey Station, NT
1916Mowla Bluff Station, Geegully Creek, near Derby, Kimberleys, WA
1918Auvergne Station, NT
1918Bentinck Island, QLD
Bef 1920Near Ngima (Neave River Junction), NT
1920sCanning Stock Route, WA
1922 OctoberSturt Creek, south-east Kimberleys, WA
1920sTexas Downs Station, Kimberleys, WA
1921Bedford Downs, WA
1924Bedford Downs massacre, WA
c. 1924Tartarr (Blackfellows Knob), NT, massacre
1926Forrest River, east Kimberleys, WA
192623 MayNulla Nulla Station boundary, 35 kms west of Wyndham, WA
19287 AugustConiston Station, NT
192822 AugustKakutu (Cockatoo Creek), north-east of Yuendemu, NT
192823–30 AugustWest of Yuendemu, NT
1928August–OctoberConiston Station, NT 
192827 AugustJanangpa (Boomerang Waterhole), Yarlalinji (Lander River), Broadmeadows Station, west of Barrow Creek, NT
192816 SeptemberNapperby Station, NT
192824 SeptemberTomahawk Waterhole, Lander River;
Dingo Hole, Hanson River, Broadmeadows Station, NT
192825 SeptemberCircle Well, north-east of Tomahawk Waterhole, NT
192826 Sept ffTipinpa (Patirrlirr Creek), 24 kms west of Broadmeadows Station, NT
1928Cockatoo Spring, NT
1928Dingo Hole, Hanson River, NT
1928Hanson River, NT
1928Six Mile Soak, NT
1928Wajinpulungk, NT
1929NovemberVicinity of Herbert Station, near Camooweal, QLD
1931JulyNear Wadeye (Port Keats), NT
1932SeptemberCaledon Bay, Arnhem Land, NT
1933JuneWoodah Island, NT
1933NovemberBlue Mud Bay area, NT
1934Tieyon (Tyonne) Station, SA
1934Darwin, NT, Dhakiyarr Wirrpanda possibly murdered after release from gaol.
19377 AprilMcArthur River Gorge, NT
193719 MayAnningie Station, 50 kms north of Ti-Tree, NT
1940AugustDarwin Hospital, NT, Nemarluk dies
1940c. 14 December Mount Cavanagh Station, south of Kulgera, NT
Dates Unknown
1790s/1800s?Gadigal/Hunter River nations site, Randwick, Sydney, NSW: possible resistance site
Allandale, north QLD
Baryula (on Chastletown Station), south-western QLD
Bauhinia Downs, NT
Blencoe Falls, north QLD
Blunder Creek, north QLD
Bone's Knob, north QLD
Bulloo Downs, south-west QLD
Cattle Creek, north-west QLD
Chastletown Station, south-west QLD
Cheviot Range, central QLD
Cooningheera Waterhole, NT
Cuppa Waterhole, NT
Currawillinghi, south central QLD
Dangeri Waterhole, NT
Donor's Hill Cave Massacre, NT
 Evelyn Massacre, north QLD
 Flaggy Creek, north QLD
 Gilpeppee, western QLD
 Granada, NT
 Gray Rock, north QLD
 Hodgson Downs (at Angus Spring), NT
 Hodgson Downs (at Buffalo Hole), NT
 Hodgson Downs (at Indi Indi Spring), NT
 Hodgson Downs (at Mason Gorge), NT
 Hodgson Downs (at Sandy Lagoon), NT
 Horse Springs, NT (Gurinji Country)*
 Isis Downs, north QLD
 Janpa, NT (Gurindji Country)*
 Jirin, north QLD
Jikirrijja (Campbell Springs), NT (Gurindji Country)*
Jurlakkala (Nero Yard), NT (Gurindji Country)*
 Jutamiliny (Swan Yard), NT (Gurindji Country)*
 Kalidawarra Waterhole, NT
 Kiacatoo Station, central-western NSW
 Kulpie Waterhole, western QLD
 Kumanturru (Coomanderoo), NT (Gurindji Country)*
 Kurturtu, NT (Gurindji Country)*
 Lake Cowal, The Bland, central-western NSW. More than one massacre took place near Lake Cowal. Apart from the one in 1880, dates of the others are unknown.
Longton, north QLD
Malapa (Old Limbunya Homestead), NT (Gurindji Country)*
Massacre Inlet, Gulf Country, NT 
Massacre Waterfall, Gulf Country, NT
Monkira, NT
Morney Plains, western QLD
Mt Farquharson, north QLD
N*****'s Bounce, about 100 km west of Charters Towers, north QLD^
Ngangi, NT (Gurindji Country)*
Ngurriya (Midnight), NT (Gurindji Country)*
Nocaboorara, south-west QLD
Pandie Pandie, SA, south of the NT border
Piyirriri (Farquharson Gap), NT (Gurindji Country)*
Red Bend, near Forbes, NSW
Rifle Creek, north QLD
Seale Yard, NT (Gurindji Country)*
Skull Lagoon, north QLD
Spring Creek, Mowbray Valley, north QLD
Springfield, central QLD
Springfield, north QLD
Spring Hill Station, near Wedderburn, VIC
Tanbar, south-west QLD
The Dip, north QLD
Thunderpurty Waterhole, NT
Tinderry, NSW
Vine Creek, north QLD
Wambiana, north QLD
Waniyi (near Number 2 Bore), NT (Gurindji Country)*
Waterview, north QLD
Wattamondara, near Koorawatha, NSW
Wirrilu (Blackfella Creek), NT (Gurindji Country)*
Wulupu (Hooker Creek), NT (Gurindji Country)*
Wyandotte, QLD
Yurruj (Burtawurta), NT (Gurindji Country)*

Note: The above Timeline does not include Aboriginal on Aboriginal tribal or inter-nation conflicts but includes conflicts where Native Police were involved.

_____________________________________________________

*These entries are from Gurindji historians as told in Erika Charola and Felicity Meakins eds, Yijarni: True Stories from Gurindji Country, AIATSIS, 2016. Exact dates for these conflicts and massacres are not known but occurred in Gurindji Country in the Killing Times from c. 1882/83, when British colonists invaded Gurindji lands for pastoral pursuits, until some time in the 1920s.

^ Moves were taken in 2017 to remove and change the names of 10 places in Queensland that used the racist term ‘N*****’. The name changes were to be gazetted in September 2017. Following Queensland’s lead, the Northern Territory Government has spoken to the NT Place Names Committee about using Aboriginal names for renaming racist and offensive place names in the territory.

Abbreviations: ACT=Australian Capital Territory, NSW=New South Wales, NT=Northern Territory, QLD=Queensland, SA=South Australia, TAS=Tasmania, VIC=Victoria, WA=Western Australian

 

© Jane Morrison 2015–2018. Compiled from sources listed in the Bibliography, Books and Journal Articles under Resources and provided from readers. No responsibility taken for errors in primary or secondary sources.